First Ladies


  • First Ladies and Their Aides

    This media gallery highlights images of First Ladies meeting with their aides. First Ladies since Caroline Harrison in 1889 have employeed aides and support staff, including social secretaries, personal secretaries, and more recently, many others. Rosalynn Carter was the first to have an office officially called “Office of the First Lady,” located in the East Wing of the White House, where the President and First Family live. Hilary Clinton had an office in the West Wing, where Presidential offices are located, and a staff of twenty. This support is integral to helping the First Lady carry out her multifaceted duties across the social and political realms.

    Grades: K-13+
  • First Ladies' Service

    First Ladies in the United States do community service and public outreach for many worthy causes. First Ladies in recent years have taken up campaigns ranging from literacy to children’s health to the drug epidemic. In this media gallery, we see the First Ladies at various events advocating for children, animals, health, and women’s rights, both at home and abroad.

    Grades: K-13+
  • First Ladies' Speaking Engagements

    This media gallery features videos of First Ladies at speaking enagements on a variety of topics.

    Grades: 4-13+
  • First Ladies' Travels

    This media gallery highlights various locations that First Ladies and Presidents have visited during their time in the White House.

    Grades: K-13+
  • First Lady's Role in Diplomacy

    This media gallery features images of current and former First Ladies engaging in various diplomatic activities.

    Grades: 6-12
  • John & Abigail Adams - Dearest Friend

    John and Abigail Adams wrote over a thousand letters to each other, sharing insights on the role of women, and on their own lives. Listen to actors narrate the couple's correspondence, from American Experience: "John & Abigail Adams." This resource is part of the American Experience Collection.

    Grades: 9-12
  • John & Abigail Adams - Timeline: John and Abigail Adams

    Explore the historical context of John and Abigail Adams' lives through a timeline from American Experience: "John & Abigail Adams."

    Grades: 9-12
  • Dolley Madison - Deleted Scene on Congress and Parties

    Historians and writers discuss Congress, political parties, and First Lady Dolley Madison. Watch more from this excerpt from American Experience: "Dolley Madison."

    Grades: 9-12
  • Dolley Madison - Deleted Scene on Women's History

    Learn about the important role of women in political history in this excerpt from American Experience: "Dolley Madison."

    Grades: 9-12
  • Dolley Madison - Photo Gallery: Significant First Ladies

    Learn how Dolley Madison and other women changed America's expectations of the First Lady, with this gallery from American Experience: "Dolley Madison."

    Grades: 9-12
  • Dolley Madison - Teacher's Resources: Teacher's Guide

    Dolley Madison transformed the role of the First Lady, and later in her life, women's roles were changing in the workplace as well. The textile industry was one of the first to hire large numbers of female workers. Learn more with this teacher's guide from American Experience: "Dolley Madison."

    Grades: 9-12
  • Eleanor Roosevelt - Biography: Eleanor Roosevelt's Life

    Eleanor Roosevelt came to symbolize the independent and politically active woman of the 20th century. Learn more with this biography from American Experience: "Eleanor Roosevelt."

    Grades: 9-12
  • Eleanor Roosevelt - General Article: Dressing the Part

    Born into middle-class, Victorian society with all of its rigidity and staunch conformity, Eleanor Roosevelt and other women of her era began to make great strides into the public sphere. Follow this story through women's clothing of the period, with an article and photographs from American Experience: "Eleanor Roosevelt."

    Grades: 9-12
  • Eleanor Roosevelt - Primary Resources: FBI Files

    While the FBI never launched a formal investigation of Eleanor Roosevelt, FBI references to her comprise one of the largest files in J. Edgar Hoover's collection. Learn more with these primary sources, from American Experience: "Eleanor Roosevelt."

    Grades: 9-12
  • Eleanor Roosevelt - Primary Resources: My Day, Key Events

    Eleanor Roosevelt's "My Day" was a syndicated newspaper column published from 1935 to 1962. Read excerpts about Pearl Harbor, the Cold War and the space program -- all from American Experience: "TR: The Story of Theodore Roosevelt."

    Grades: 9-12
  • Eleanor Roosevelt - Primary Resources: My Day, Race Issues

    Eleanor Roosevelt's "My Day" was a syndicated newspaper column published from 1935 to 1962. Learn more about her attitude toward race issues with these excerpts, from American Experience: "Eleanor Roosevelt."

    Grades: 9-12
  • Eleanor Roosevelt - Primary Resources: My Day, Women Issues

    Eleanor Roosevelt's "My Day" was a syndicated newspaper column published from 1935 to 1962. Read excerpts about women's issues, from American Experience: "TR: The Story of Theodore Roosevelt."

    Grades: 9-12
  • Eleanor Roosevelt - Teacher's Resources: Teacher's Guide

    For more than 30 years, she was the most powerful woman in America. Niece of one president and wife of another, Eleanor Roosevelt was at the center of much of this century's history -- a charismatic woman of charm and of contradictions. Aristocratic in voice and manner, she was also "tough as nails," says historian Geoffrey Ward. Explore her role as First Lady during the New Deal, in this teacher's guide, from American Experience: "Eleanor Roosevelt."

    Grades: 9-12
  • FDR - Eleanor Roosevelt

    Eleanor Roosevelt traveled more than 40,000 miles during FDR's first year as president, reporting back to the White House on the New Deal. Watch more in this excerpt from American Experience: "FDR." This resource is part of the American Experience Collection.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Eisenhower - Primary Resources: Letters to Mamie

    Eisenhower corresponded with his wife, Mamie, during World War II. Read some of these letters, from American Experience: "Eisenhower." This resource is part of the American Experience Collection.

    Grades: 9-12