Migrations


  • Anti-Immigrant Sentiment | Wide Angle

    As their nation struggles economically, many Zimbabweans have immigrated illegally to the more stable and lucrative environment of neighboring Botswana. The people of Botswana have been reluctant hosts and widespread intolerance and hostility have been directed at the new arrivals. In this video segment from the Wide Angle film "Border Jumpers," Botswanans voice their criticisms and concerns over Zimbabwean illegal immigrants.

    Grades: 9-12
  • A Tale of Two Heavens: Escaping North Korea | Wide Angle: Lesson Plan

    In this lesson, from the Wide Angle episode "Crossing Heaven's Border," students will learn about the conditions in authoritarian North Korea that have compelled many North Koreans to attempt a dangerous escape to what they see as the "Heaven" of capitalist South Korea.

    Grades: 9-13+
  • Botswana Today | Wide Angle

    Since gaining independence from Britain, the nation of Botswana has become one of Africa’s greatest success stories. It maintains one of the world’s fastest growing economies and a burgeoning democracy. Despite its success, Botswana is still plagued with a high rate of HIV infection and unemployment among its population. This video from the Wide Angle film "Border Jumpers" provides a look at the affluence and afflictions of Botswana today, with a focus on its efforts to stop illegal immigration from its poorer neighbor, Zimbabwe.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Brainwashed | Wide Angle

    In this video, excerpted from the Wide Angle film "Crossing Heaven's Border," evolving and enlightened attitudes in South Korea toward once-vilified North Koreans are contrasted with North Korea's ongoing brainwashing of its own citizens through propaganda. The latter is illustrated here by Park Un Suk, a young North Korean who resolutely defends Kim Jong Il's regime as her older sister Park Gum Suk tries, unsuccessfully, to convince her to defect and join her in South Korea.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Coping with the Crisis | Wide Angle

    This video from Wide Angle provides insight into an Iraqi refugee’s life in Jordan, as well as his life before leaving Iraq. The video explores how host countries Jordan and Syria are coping with the Iraqi refugee crisis and features an interview with Jordan’s Queen Noor.

    Grades: 9-12
  • The Fence | Wide Angle: Window into Global History

    In 2003, the African country of Botswana started building a fence along its border with Zimbabwe. Botswana officials state that their aim is to control the spread of foot-and-mouth disease; however, the people of Zimbabwe see the fence as an affront preventing migration. In this video segment from the Wide Angle film "Border Jumpers," learn about the fence that has created discord between two neighboring nations.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Flight to Freedom | Wide Angle

    In this video segment from the Wide Angle film "Crossing Heaven's Border," North Korean defector Gum Hee makes preparations to leave China—where she has been living illegally with her son Bo Song since defecting from North Korea—for South Korea. It is a risky plan involving a forged Chinese passport and a heartbreaking sacrifice: she must leave her son Bo Song behind in China, and hope to send for him once she’s established herself in South Korea.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Going Home? | Wide Angle

    This video segment from the Wide Angle film "Iraqi Exodus" explores the challenges Iraqi refugees face and the tough decisions they make to either stay in a host country or return home.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Heaven on Earth | Wide Angle

    This video from the Wide Angle film "Crossing Heaven's Border" offers a look inside North Korea since the 1994 ascension to power of “Dear Leader” Kim Jong Il—a dictator whose brutal and often incompetent policies resulted in an economic collapse and the subsequent "Great Famine" of the mid-90s, and whose secret police continue to suppress dissenters. In contrast, South Korea represents "heaven" to North Korean defectors, who seek to find there a "first world" standard of living and political freedom.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Home Village | Wide Angle

    Rural communities in China have been largely neglected by the government. Local infrastructures, such as roads and schools, must be supported by impoverished families who have limited incomes. In this video segment from the Wide Angle film "To Have and Have Not," Dwanzhi returns to his village in the rural countryside where the economic gap has affected a community's development.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Illegal in Beijing | Wide Angle

    China’s laws designed to control the movement of rural citizens into urban areas have been met with limited success. Despite their second-class status due to governmental and social restrictions, rural populations continue to migrate and settle in China’s major and developing cities. Illegal migrants are faced with substandard living conditions due to laws preventing them access to urban housing and schooling. In this video from the Wide Angle film "To Have and Have Not," visit a migrant area and meet one of the families that reside in this impoverished community.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Increased Immigration | Wide Angle: Window into Global History

    The people of Ireland have historically migrated from their homeland during times of economic hardship. In the early 1990s, the economy experienced a period of unprecedented growth, an era known as the Celtic Tiger, and the trend of migrants leaving Ireland was reversed. Some migrants have returned and the rate of immigrants coming to the isle has doubled. In this video segment from the Wide Angle film "Mixed Blessings," meet two sisters who have left Poland for Ireland in hope of greater employment opportunities.

    Grades: 9-12
  • The Iraqi Refugee Crisis | Wide Angle

    This video segment from the Wide Angle film "Iraqi Exodus" provides an overview of the Iraqi refugee crisis and challenges the refugees face.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Migrant Workers and Social Justice | Wide Angle

    History’s largest ongoing migration is occurring in China. One out every ten Chinese is leaving the rural countryside for one of China’s major cities. Despite their hard work, many of these peasants are finding their dreams for a better life in the city shattered by laws that deny them the same rights as urban citizens. In this video from the Wide Angle film "The People's Court," meet some of the peasants who have been largely ignored by the nation that they are helping to rebuild.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Migrant Workers | Wide Angle

    There are strict laws in China, dating back to the Maoist era of the 1950s, that prevent Chinese citizens from the countryside from working in urban areas. Harsh conditions in China’s rural countryside, however, have left many undeterred and seeking employment in the city. These migrant workers have been denied social services and are subject to poor working conditions because of their illegal status. In this video segment from the Wide Angle film "The People's Court," visit with migrant construction workers in Beijing.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Work Abroad | Wide Angle

    The unstable situation in Zimbabwe has forced many of its people to go abroad in search of employment. Many have found themselves across the border in Botswana, desperate in their search for a means to survive. In this video segment from the Wide Angle film "Border Jumpers," viewers are introduced to Mary, a college educated Zimbabwean woman who has migrated to Botswana and has found limited opportunities for those with a professional background.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Worth the Risk? | Wide Angle

    This video, excerpted from the Wide Angle film "Crossing Heaven's Border," captures the human drama—and tragedy—which unfolds regularly on the Tumen River dividing North Korea and China: North Korean defectors risking everything to escape the oppressive regime of Kim Jong Il. Here one such escape attempt is a documented by a covert team of South Korean journalists.

    Grades: 9-12

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