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Civics and Government
At the turn of the 20th century, Minnesota's entrenched Republican party was challenged by the most successful radical third-party in American history. From 1918 to 1944, the Farmer-Labor party was strong enough to wrest control of the state's government away from entrenched political parties, profoundly transforming Minnesota's political climate.
Learn about Alexander McKenzie who ruled the government of North Dakota with an iron fist from his headquarters in St. Paul. "Boss" McKenzie, as he became known, created a political machine that favored the railroad and grain interests.
At the turn of the 20th century, the Socialist Party established a strong foothold in Minnesota and North Dakota. But the party’s lasting influence is not in the handful of local elections that its candidates won -- but in the ideas it sparked in Nonpartisan League founder A. C. Townley.
When you hear the name Charles Lindbergh, most people think of the famous pilot. But at the turn of the century, it was his father that made headlines. Charles Lindbergh Sr. was a respected US Congressman. But his alliance with the Nonpartisan League made him the target of anti-Progressive forces during the 1918 Republican primary. Learn more about Lindbergh and his influence on Minnesota history in this profile from Prairie Mosaic Shorts.