Social Structures


  • Affirmative Action and the USA | Wide Angle

    Brazil has labeled itself a "racial democracy," believing that it has escaped the racism that has plagued the United States. The introduction of U.S.-style affirmative action has forced the country to abandon this approach, and start addressing deep-seated racial issues that have long been denied or ignored. It has also created a whole new set of problems. In this video segment from the Wide Angle film "Brazil in Black and White," meet Humberto Adami, a civil rights attorney who has called in the help of lawyers from America’s NAACP in his effort to secure equal rights for Afro-Brazilians.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Ataturk | Wide Angle

    Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the founder of modern Turkey, implemented sweeping reforms, including laws on religious attire, to give women more freedom and help realize his vision of a secular nation-state. The strong secular tradition established by Ataturk still holds firm today, but in recent years the republic has been experiencing revival of Islamic fundamentalism. Mustafa Karaduman, CEO of an Islamic-style clothing chain, hopes to contribute to the resurgence of Islam by dressing more Turkish women in traditional, but more fashionable, clothing. In this segment from the Wide Angle film "Turkey's Tigers," learn more about Karaduman and how Turkey’s laws have imposed restrictions on on how Muslim women are allowed to dress.

    Grades: 9-12
  • At the University of Brasilia | Wide Angle

    The policy of affirmative action imposed on some of Brazil’s public universities has sparked a national debate on race. In this video segment from the Wide Angle film "Brazil in Black and White," University of Brasilia President Timothy Mulholland and Professor of Cultural Anthropology Yvonne Maggie present opposing viewpoints on racial quotas and their effect on Brazilian society. The video also includes a discussion between two college applicants from different ethnic backgrounds on the quota system.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Church for Sale | Wide Angle

    The days of the Catholic Church’s overarching influence on Irish life and society are now waning. Economic prosperity has accelarated Ireland’s move away from the Church toward European secularism. In this video segment from the Wide Angle film "Mixed Blessings," learn about the sale of the Sacred Heart Church which has been serving the community in Limerick for almost 150 years.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Complications of Identity | Wide Angle

    Brazil’s introduction to affirmative action has greatly impacted the dialogue on race in its society. The implementation of racial quotas has many Brazilian citizens questioning their ethnic backgrounds and their place in the new system. In this video segment from the Wide Angle film "Brazil in Black and White," join the discussion on affirmative action and racial identity in Brazilian society.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Diverse Turkish Women | Wide Angle

    Although it officially became a secular state in 1928, Turkey has never fully abandoned its Islamic roots, out of which have sprung a religious resurgence that has made its way to the highest levels of government. Both Islamic and secular traditions currently coexist, but the roles of women within each tradition are on diverging paths. In this video segment from the Wide Angle film "Turkey's Tigers," meet two Muslim women, one from a conservative and the other from a secular background, and learn about their lives in a secular Muslim nation.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Fashion Show | Wide Angle

    Mustafa Karaduman, a conservative Muslim, has successfully consolidated his faith and trade into creating Tekbir, Turkey’s largest Islamic-style clothing chain. In this video segment from the Wide Angle film "Turkey's Tigers," get a behind-the-scenes look at a Tekbir fashion show in the Turkish capital of Istanbul, and watch Karaduman as he manages to include the Islamic obligation of daily prayers into a runway show.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Modern Boom Family | Wide Angle

    The influence of the Catholic Church on Irish families has declined since the economic boom of the last two decades. The size of families in “Post-Catholic” Ireland has shrunk and the traditional role of the Irish housewife has been replaced by women who want both careers and families. In this video from the Wide Angle film "Mixed Blessings," meet Gillian O’Sullivan, a working mother of three who has the challenge of balancing her time between managing her software company and raising her family.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Modern Muslim Women | Wide Angle

    MBC, the Arabic television station that broadcasts on international satellite, has garnered a hit with the all-female talk show Kalam Nawaem or Sweet Talk. Four women from different backgrounds discuss a range of topics, including subjects once deemed taboo and too controversial for broadcast on Arab media. In this video segment from the Wide Angle film "Dishing Democracy," learn about Kalam Nawaem and the four women who are pushing social boundaries in Arab society.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Race and Politics | Wide Angle

    It is estimated that Brazil’s population is at least fifty percent black; however, racial inequalities still permeate all levels of Brazilian society. Although affirmative action has been used to balance some of the disparities that affect Brazil’s black population, further legislation seeking to expand affirmative action has been strongly opposed by the nearly all-white Brazilian Congress. In this video segment from the Wide Angle film "Brazil in Black and White," Pablo Paim, one of Brazil’s few black senators, discusses the need for the legislation that will require all of Brazil’s federal universities to establish racial quotas.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Racism in the Media | Wide Angle

    The legislation to expand affirmative action programs in Brazil includes establishing racial quotas for visible roles in Brazilian media. If passed, the advertising and film industries would be mandated to reserve 20 percent of all media roles for Afro-Brazilians. In this video segment from the Wide Angle film "Brazil in Black and White," meet Afro-Brazilian Natane Almeida and learn about the challenges she faces in her pursuit of a career as a model.

    Grades: 9-12
  • The Rise of Divorce | Wide Angle

    The goal of Kalam Nawaem, an all-female Arabic talk show, is to go beyond the topics generally directed at Arab women, such as fashion and beauty, and discuss matters of more pressing importance, such as divorce. The rise of divorce rates in the Arab world has concerned its women and some are questioning the institution of marriage. In this video segment from the Wide Angle film "Dishing Democracy," the hosts of Kalam Nawaem tackle this pressing issue and open a dialogue for Arab women.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Sex Ed & Community Values | Wide Angle

    The four female hosts of Kalam Nawaem, a talk show broadcast by the Arabic television station MBC, initiate intense debate on controversial topics throughout the Arab world. In this video segment from the Wide Angle film "Dishing Democracy," view an excerpt of Kalam Nawaem where the hosts discuss the topic of sex education and witness the reaction it generated from viewers on the street in Cairo, Egypt.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Two Brazils | Wide Angle

    In an effort to provide equality in education, income and employment for its black population, Brazil has established an affirmative action program at one of its top public universities. The racial quota system implemented at the University of Brasilia has given hope to the underprivileged, but has also raised concern for the academic hopefuls of the upper class who fear the loss of available seating. In this video segment from the Wide Angle film "Brazil in Black and White," meet Josie de Souza and Rafael Mendes, two college applicants from opposite sides of Brazil’s economic spectrum.

    Grades: 9-12

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