South America

  • Affirmative Action and the USA | Wide Angle

    Brazil has labeled itself a "racial democracy," believing that it has escaped the racism that has plagued the United States. The introduction of U.S.-style affirmative action has forced the country to abandon this approach, and start addressing deep-seated racial issues that have long been denied or ignored. It has also created a whole new set of problems. In this video segment from the Wide Angle film "Brazil in Black and White," meet Humberto Adami, a civil rights attorney who has called in the help of lawyers from America’s NAACP in his effort to secure equal rights for Afro-Brazilians.

    Grades: 9-12
  • At the University of Brasilia | Wide Angle

    The policy of affirmative action imposed on some of Brazil’s public universities has sparked a national debate on race. In this video segment from the Wide Angle film "Brazil in Black and White," University of Brasilia President Timothy Mulholland and Professor of Cultural Anthropology Yvonne Maggie present opposing viewpoints on racial quotas and their effect on Brazilian society. The video also includes a discussion between two college applicants from different ethnic backgrounds on the quota system.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Complications of Identity | Wide Angle

    Brazil’s introduction to affirmative action has greatly impacted the dialogue on race in its society. The implementation of racial quotas has many Brazilian citizens questioning their ethnic backgrounds and their place in the new system. In this video segment from the Wide Angle film "Brazil in Black and White," join the discussion on affirmative action and racial identity in Brazilian society.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Time For School | Brazil: Jefferson

    Many children in Brazil’s favelas (slums) find a safe haven and second home at school. School enrollment is increasing, but the quality of education still remains substandard. In this media gallery, meet Jefferson, a child of the Rochinca favela, who in second grade is one of the few students in his class who can read and write. Follow Jefferson over 12 years as he struggles to overcome poverty and stay in school. Check out the entire collection of resources from the documentary "Time For School" here.

    Grades: 3-12
  • Jefferson: The Bolsa Familia

    The favelas of Brazil are cramped shantytowns overrun by crime and gang violence. To help the children of favelas, the government has implemented “Bolsa Familia,” a program that provides impoverished families with stipends as long as their children attend school. In this video from Wide Angle, learn about the obstacles a child of the favelas must overcome to stay in school.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Race and Politics | Wide Angle

    It is estimated that Brazil’s population is at least fifty percent black; however, racial inequalities still permeate all levels of Brazilian society. Although affirmative action has been used to balance some of the disparities that affect Brazil’s black population, further legislation seeking to expand affirmative action has been strongly opposed by the nearly all-white Brazilian Congress. In this video segment from the Wide Angle film "Brazil in Black and White," Pablo Paim, one of Brazil’s few black senators, discusses the need for the legislation that will require all of Brazil’s federal universities to establish racial quotas.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Racism in the Media | Wide Angle

    The legislation to expand affirmative action programs in Brazil includes establishing racial quotas for visible roles in Brazilian media. If passed, the advertising and film industries would be mandated to reserve 20 percent of all media roles for Afro-Brazilians. In this video segment from the Wide Angle film "Brazil in Black and White," meet Afro-Brazilian Natane Almeida and learn about the challenges she faces in her pursuit of a career as a model.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Two Brazils | Wide Angle

    In an effort to provide equality in education, income and employment for its black population, Brazil has established an affirmative action program at one of its top public universities. The racial quota system implemented at the University of Brasilia has given hope to the underprivileged, but has also raised concern for the academic hopefuls of the upper class who fear the loss of available seating. In this video segment from the Wide Angle film "Brazil in Black and White," meet Josie de Souza and Rafael Mendes, two college applicants from opposite sides of Brazil’s economic spectrum.

    Grades: 9-12