Urbanization


  • The Coffee Crisis | Wide Angle

    This video segment from Wide Angle: "The Market Maker" follows the Ethiopian government's effort to mitigate the impact of the 2008 global economic collapse by calling upon Eleni Gabre-Madhins' fledgling Ethiopian Commodity Exchange (ECX) to start trading coffee-the nation's primary cash crop-before it is logistically prepared to do so.

    Grades: 9-12
  • The Moving Parts of a Market | Wide Angle

    This video from Wide Angle: "The Market Maker" looks at the efforts of Ethiopian market reformers led by Eleni Gabre-Madhins to create an Ethiopian Commodities Exchange (ECX) in the capital city of Addis Ababa. It explains the basic role of an exchange, outlines its key elements, and describes the specific challenges faced by the reformers-the greatest of which is farmers' traditional attachment to archaic and inefficient modes of trade.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Next Steps | Wide Angle

    In this video segment from the Wide Angle film "The Market Maker," Eleni Gabre-Madhin and other Ethiopian Commodity Exchange (ECX) market reformers celebrate the opening of a new sesame market while acknowledging the massive challenges they still face in bringing the ECX to millions of Ethiopia’s poor subsistence farmers. Series host Aaron Brown concludes the segment by reviewing these challenges, which include convincing millions of largely illiterate small scale farmers that their future depends in trusting the relatively sophisticated economic model which the ECX represents.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Trading Up: Bringing Ethiopia’s Economy into the 21st Century | Wide Angle: Lesson Plan

    In this lesson, students learn about the efforts of Ethiopian reformers to create a modern agricultural commodities exchange in an economic environment historically dominated by inefficient tradition and government corruption.  They will be able to describe the limitations of traditional “face-to-face” commerce and the transformative potential of open and reliable trading markets. Also they will learn the key elements of a successful commodities exchange. Students will also learn about  the underlying causes of the 1984 Ethiopian famine and be able to describe the impact of the 2008 global economic crisis on the Ethiopian Commodity Exchange.

     

     

    Grades: 9-13+
  • Why Trade Matters | Wide Angle

    Wide Angle: "The Market Maker" provides an introduction to the challenges faced by the developing Ethiopian economy and the tragic consequences of its collapse in 1984. Ethiopian market reformer Eleni Gabre-Madhins discusses Ethiopia’s new nationwide agricultural commodities trading system and its vital importance not only to the nation’s economy, but also to the very survival of a population which relies on trade to distribute food from where it is stockpiled to where it is needed.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Winning the Farmers' Trust | Wide Angle

    This video segment from Wide Angle: "The Market Maker" follows Eleni Gabre-Madhins and other Ethiopian Commodity Exchange (ECX) market reformers as they attempt to win sesame farmers' trust and get them to deposit their crops in ECX warehouses.

    Grades: 9-12

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