Welcome to China 中国欢迎您

  • Introduction to China

    Click on the image to view "An Introduction to China" from The World Factbook, which contains facts about the country's geography, people, society, government, and economy.

    Grades: 6-13+
  • Map of China

    This is a map of China from the CIA World Factbook with major cities highlighted.

    Grades: K-13+
  • Map of China - Administrative Divisions

    This is a map of China showing its administrative divisions from The World Factbook.

    Grades: K-13+
  • Map of Asia

    This is a map of Asia from The World Factbook featuring topography, boundaries, capitals, and major cities.

    Grades: K-12
  • Map of East and Southeast Asia: China

    This is a map of East and Southeast Asia with China highlighted from The World Factbook.

    Grades: K-13+
  • Chinese National Anthem

    This is a recording of the Chinese national anthem, "Yiyongjun Jinxingqu" (The March of the Volunteers), along with a description of the Chinese flag. "Yiyongjun Jinxingqu" was composed by Tian Han (lyrics) and Nie Er (music).  This anthem was adopted in 1949, though it was banned during the Cultural Revolution. It is more commonly known as "Zhongguo Guoge" (Chinese National Song).

    The Chinese flag is red with a large yellow five-pointed star and four smaller yellow five-pointed stars (arranged in a vertical arc toward the middle of the flag) in the upper hoist-side corner; the color red represents revolution, while the stars symbolize the four social classes - the working class, the peasantry, the urban petty bourgeoisie, and the national bourgeoisie (capitalists) - united under the Communist Party of China

    Grades: All
  • China's Prehistory

    This media gallery introduces China's prehistory through a document from the Library of Congress and an image from the Bridgeman Art Library.

    Grades: 6-12
  • China's Early History

    This media gallery introduces China's early history (c. 2200 B.C.E. – 256 B.C.E) through a document from the Library of Congress and images from the Bridgeman Art Library.

    Grades: 6-12
  • China's Imperial Period

    This media gallery introduces China's imperial period (221 BCE - 1911 CE) through a document from the Library of Congress and images from the Bridgeman Art Library and the CIA's World Factbook.

    Grades: 6-13+
  • Republican China

    This media gallery introduces China's Republican Era (1911-1949) through a document from the Library of Congress and images from the Bridgeman Art Library.

    Grades: 6-12
  • People’s Republic of China

    This media gallery introduces the People's Republic of China through a document from the Library of Congress and images from Bridgeman Art Library and the CIA World Factbook.

    Grades: 6-13+
  • World Science Podcast | China’s Innovative Past

    For more than a thousand years, China led the world in innovation. And then, about 500 years ago, it lost its creative edge to the West. As China’s Communist Party prepares to celebrate 60 years in power, China hopes to regain its advantage. This audio segment from PRI's The World Science Podcast explores the roots of China's creative past, and the geographical, political, and economic factors that might have contributed to its apparent demise.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Chinese New Year | Religion & Ethics Newsweekly

    This video from Religion & Ethics NewsWeekly shows a Buddhist family in the US observing the rituals of Chinese New Year. The Chinese tradition of celebrating the New Year began more than 4,000 years ago, and has evolved into a holiday that includes a combination of rituals from Buddhism, Daoism and Confucianism. Also known as Spring Festival, it is celebrated by Chinese communities throughout the world at the end of winter.

    Grades: 9-12
  • Bamboo Mountain: China's Pandas

    Fewer than 1,000 pandas remain in the wild in the mountains of China due to the enormous demands China's human population puts on the land. Farming and logging are robbing pandas of the forests where they once lived. However, reserves have been set aside by the Chinese government to save land for the pandas and for centers such as the Wolong Conservation Center for Giant Pandas where they have succeeded in breeding cubs in captivity. This video segment features scientists in China who are studying the panda population of Bamboo Mountain.

    Grades: 6-12
  • Wolong's Pandas

    In this video segment from Nature, learn about the endangered pandas of the Wolong Conservation Center in China. When the bamboo plant, the panda's main source of food, began to die off in the 1980s, the center responded by rescuing starving pandas from the wild. This resource includes an activity where students learn to compare and contrast information from multiple sources and a fun game that explores how changes in an animal’s food source can impact survival. Discussion questions challenge students to think about how climate change affects animal and plant life. To learn about China's panda population, see the "Bamboo Mountain" video segment of this two-part series.

    For more resources like this, see the rest of the Human Impact on the Environment collection.

    Grades: 3-8
  • Compare and Contrast Information from Multiple Sources - Wolong's Pandas

    Students compare and contrast information from three sources to determine the reasons that contributed to panda population decline. They draw conclusions from these sources by writing their own paragraphs.

    Grades: 3-6, 13+
  • The Challenges of Breeding Pandas in Captivity

    Zookeepers at the Smithsonian's National Zoo in Washington D.C. were overjoyed when a female giant panda gave birth to her second cub. But a week later, the cub died unexpectedly. PBS NewsHour spoke with Pierre Comizzoli, a reproductive physiologist with the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute and Mei Xiang's "personal gynecologist," about the challenges of breeding pandas in captivity. This video and teacher's guide are from PBS NewsHour Extra.
    Grades: 7-12
  • Pandas at the Chongqing Zoo

    This media gallery has two images of pandas munching on bamboo at the Chongqing Zoo.

    Grades: K-12
  • Be the Historian: How do images function as symbols?

    In this exercise you will examine this portrait from China’s Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). The portrait is full of symbols that carried meaning for the people viewing it when it was created, and for historians who have cracked the meaning of the symbols. Use a historian’s explanation of the symbols to try to determine the historical significance of the portrait.

    Grades: 6-13+
  • Be a Historian: What is its date?

    Significant changes also occurred on the 10-yuan bills between 1965 and 1999 that reflect changes in Chinese society. The founding of the PRC in 1949 was followed by an emphasis on “the people” as the heart of society, which gave way to an emphasis on the importance of a market economy in the 1980s and 1990s. In this activity, try to figure out which bill is from 1965 and which one is from 1999.

    Grades: 6-13+