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        Project Funded By:

        Funder: Walmart Foundation | Grayscale | 2017

        Project Credits:

        The Walmart Middle School Literacy Initiative: Inspiring Middle School Literacy is contributed by the WGBH Educational Foundation. It is a collaboration of WGBH Education, the WGBH Media Library and Archives, and WGBH Digital. Funding for the Walmart Middle School Literacy Initiative on Teachers’ Domain is provided by the Walmart Foundation. Early funding for Inspiring Middle School Literacy was provided by the Leon Lowenstein Foundation.

        Production Credits

        Project Management

        Denise Blumenthal

        Joe Brandt

        Anna Brooks

        Karen Cariani

        Christine Dietlin

        Howard Lurie

        Peter Pinch

        Ted Sicker

        Amy Tonkonogy

        Resource Production Team

        Jon Alper

        Peter Beardsley

        Melissa Cooperman

        Bob Donahue

        Julie Ecker

        Anna Fort

        Jessica Gidal

        Burt Granofsky

        Irena Fayngold

        Jill Goldberg

        Daniel Hart

        Jason Kahn

        Sarah Lawton

        Emily Lu

        Melanie MacFarlane

        Marisa Nopakun

        Christopher Riegle

        Lisa Rosenthal

        Barbara Seidl

        Mitch Smith

        Lori Stokes

        Christian Wise

        Business Management

        Sue Chalifoux

        Maria Constantinides

        Polly Searles

        Eric Taub

        Sue Tufts

        Marketing and Outreach

        Christina DeYoung

        Carolyn Jacobs

        Daniella Quinones


        Catherine Zaker

        Mary McGillicuddy

        Copy Editor

        Cynthia Bond

        Video Closed Captioning

        Media Access Group


        Donna E. Alvermann, The University of Georgia

        Steven D. Cohen, Tufts University

        Fred Gross, Education Development Center, Inc.

        Russanne Low, Institute for Global Environmental Strategies, Arlington, VA, and School of Natural Resources, University of Nebraska, Lincoln

        Mary E. Matthews, Public Schools of Brookline, MA, retired

        Jonathan Schmalzbach, APEX Learning

        Ruth Schoenbach, WestEd

        Catherine Snow, Harvard Graduate School of Education

        Joy Turpie, Hull Public Schools

        Resource Credits

        ABC News VideoSource

        Academy of Natural Sciences

        Alaska Youth for Environmental Action

        Ambrose Video Publishing, Inc.

        American Antiquarian Society

        American Philosophical Society

        Antler Ridge Wildlife Sanctuary

        AP Images

        Architect of the Capitol

        Colin Billington

        Jon Bodsworth

        Bundesfilmarchiv/Transit Film GmbH

        Cartography Associates

        Centers for Disease Control

        Chicago Defender

        Chicago Historical Society

        Colonial Williamsburg Foundation

        Connecticut Historical Society

        Corbis: Anthony Bannister, Bettmann, Burstein Collection, Edward S. Curtis, Frans Lanting, Thierry Orban/Sygma, Sandro Vannini

        Keely Curliss

        Danish National Archives

        Darlow Smithson Productions

        Bruce Davidson/Magnum Photos

        Robert Day


        DePauw University, Archives & Special Collections

        Zina Deretsky/National Science Foundation

        Courtney Emmett

        Erie Canal Museum,

        FILM Archives, Inc.

        Fotolia: AFP, Alx, Anyka, Aramanda, AVAVA, Blend Images, Jacek Chabraszewski, Corbis, cubephoto, DenisNata, Klaus Eppele, Paul Fleet, Fotolia VI,, K.-U. Häßler, paul Hampton, Jiri Hera, Carol Hyman, Juice Images, karandaev, Rich Lindie, Monkey Business, James Phelps Jr, James H. Pickerell, Pinnacleanimates, Olaru Radian, redjit, Rob, Andres Rodriguez, Sabphoto, Gina Sanders, satori, Becky Stares, Joe Stone, TheSupe87, tulpahn, Stephen VanHorn, vishnukumar, Vladimir Voronin, Yasonya, Lisa F. Young, Feng Yu, Zoe

        James Gathany/Centers for Disease Control

        Georgia Archives

        Georgia Tech Research Corporation

        Getty/ImageBank Film

        Getty Images: Anne Frank Fonds/Basel/Anne Frank House, Jeffrey Burcher, Focus On Sport, Glenn Francis, Bernard Hoffman, Joi Ito, Michael J. LeBrecht II/Sports Illustrated, Eastcott Momatiuk/Stone, Angel Wynn, Charlie Nguyen, Herman du Plessis/Gallo Images, Joseph Sohm/Visions of America/Stockbyte Collection, Sports Illustrated, Time & Life Pictures, Tony Triolo, Jeff Vespa/WireImage

        Global Graffiti Productions

        Granger Collection

        Heimatmuseum Neuruppin

        Historical Society of Oak Park & River Forest

        della j hoke

        Mary Ellen Howe

        ICI Paints

        Illinois Natural History Survey

        In the Mix PBS Teen Series,

        iStockphoto: james boulette, Daniela Jovanovska-Hristovska, lubilub, Ralph125, Thinkstock

        ITVS Community Classroom,

        Johnson Space Center/NASA

        Jupiterimages Corporation

        Justo A Marti Photographs Collection Archives, Hunter College


        Tom Lehman

        Library of Congress Prints & Photographs

        Virginia Liz

        Lone Wolf Documentary Group

        Macaulay Library at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology

        Major League Baseball,

        Map Resources

        Massachusetts Historical Society

        Media That Matters

        Dennis C. Murphy,


        National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

        National Archives and Records Administration

        National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum

        National Education Network Gallery/Starz

        National Geographic Society

        National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution

        National Park Service/Independence National Historical Park Collection

        National Scenic Byways Online

        Nebraska State Historical Society

        New York City Department of Education

        New York Public Library

        New-York Historical Society

        Northrop Grumman Corporation

        Oklahoma Historical Society, Research Division

        Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University

        Peace River Films

        Pew Internet & American Life Project, "Teens and Mobile Phones"

        John Phelan

        The Picture Desk

        Punchstock Images: The Agency Collection, BananaStock, Blend Images, Comstock collection, Denkou Images, Dorling Kindersley RF, Fuse, Image Source, Ingram Publishing, Photodisc, Polka Dot, Purestock, Tetra images, UpperCut Images, Valueline Blend


        Rieder Photography

        Frank E. Sadowski Jr.,

        Cornelia Schweigler

        Scottish Rite Masonic Museum and Library, Lexington, MA

        Shutterstock: aceshot1, Oguz Aral, Paul Brennan, chaoss, Eric Gevaert, Rick Becker-Leckrone, Yossi Manor, Isaac Marzioli, Monkey Business Images, Rafal Olkis, Sergey Peterman, Planner, Galushko Sergey, Shell114, Merkushev Vasiliy, vectorlib-com, VIPDesignUSA, Ann Worthy

        Smithsonian American Art Museum

        Sarah Snyderman

        Society of Western Pennsylvania, Senator John Heinz History Center

        Southwest Florida Museum of History

        Tasa Graphic Arts, Inc.

        Texas Parks and Wildlife Department

        Dr. Arthur W. Toga/Laboratory of Neuro Imaging at UCLA

        Topps Company

        The Trustees of the British Museum

        Twin Cities Public Television

        UCLA Film & Television Archive

        Unicorn Projects, Inc.

        University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin

        Video Cosmos

        Virginia Historical Society

        Wide Angle Youth Media

        Wildlife Conservation Society/The Bronx Zoo


        Woolaroc Museum/Bartlesville, Oklahoma

        Ulrich Wutzke

        Wyoming State Museum

        Diana Zorrilla

        Image Credits on the Special Collection Page

        In clockwise order, from top left, then center photos

        Covered Wagons (top left): ©2008 Jupiterimages Corporation

        Teepees/Arapaho Encampment (on top): source: National Archives

        Astronaut underwater EVA training (on top): source: NASA

        Young girl in library (top right): ©Jacek Chabraszewski -

        Frog (on right): ©2008 Jupiterimages Corporation

        Constitution (on right): source:

        Suspension Bridge (on right): ©2008 Jupiterimages Corporation

        Lions (bottom right): ©2008 Jupiterimages Corporation

        Girls on computers (bottom middle): ©Rob -

        Butterfly (bottom left): ©2008 Jupiterimages Corporation

        Pocahontas with hat and ruffled shirt (on left): ©Mary Ellen Howe

        Man with oxen pulling cart (on left): ©2008 Jupiterimages Corporation

        Students reading (center): ©Monkey Business -

        Snake (below center): ©2008 Jupiterimages Corporation

        Special thanks to AFTRA and AF of M for granting permission to use segments produced with participation of their members.

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