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        Civil War Music

        Music has the power to reveal the perceptions and deep feelings of a people at a particular time. Composed with the deliberate intention of stirring the emotions, music can become iconic over time, evoking compelling feelings and memories in an individual or a broad listening audience. Music can thus provide a unique, emotion-shaded window to a distant time, place, or event. The materials in this primary source set will help students consider American history by looking at the long, varied career of a tune popularized during the Civil War era.

        http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/primarysourcesets/civil-war-music/

        When Johnny Comes Marching Home Sheet Music

        This Library of Congress primary source document contains the sheet music to a civil war song called "When Johnny Comes Marching Home." The song, which was associated with the Union side, was composed by Patrick Sarsfield and published under his pseudonym, Louis Lambert, in Boston in 1863.

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        Portrait of Bernard Bluecher Graves

        This Library of Congress primary source photograph is a portrait of Civil War Soldier Bernard Bluecher Graves, Corp., C.S.A.. Graves joined the Hanover Artillery May 22, 1861. In Oct. 1862, he was transferred to the Amherst Artillery and fought with it the remainder of the war, a part of the time as a corporal. He was captured near Waynesboro, Virginia, on March, 2 1865 and imprisoned in Fort Delaware. He died at the age of forty-three.

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        When Johnny Comes Marching Home (Air Force Band)

        This Library of Congress primary resource is an audio recording of the Air Force Band of Liberty performing "When Johnny Comes Marching Home" in Boston, Massachusetts, followed by a recording of John Terrill performing "When Johnny Comes Marching Home" in 1898. The song was composed by Patrick Sarsfield Gilmore around 1863.

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        When Johnny Comes Marching Home Again (John Terrill)

        This Library of Congress primary resource is an audio recording of John Terrill performing "When Johnny Comes Marching Home" in 1898. This song was composed by Patrick Sarsfield Gilmore.

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        Portrait of a musician: U.S. Calvalry

        This Library of Congress primary source photograph is a portrait of a Civil War musician from the U.S. Cavalry. It was taken between 1860 and 1865 and rephotographed in 1961.

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        Portrait of a Federal Soldier

        This Library of Congress primary source photograph is a portrait of a Civil War Union soldier from the horse artillery. It was taken between 1860 and 1865 and rephotographed in 1961.

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        Washington D.C. Infantry: May 1865

        This Library of Congress primary source photograph is of the Washington, D.C. Infantry unit with fixed bayonets followed by ambulances passing on Pennsylvania Avenue near the Treasury. It was part of the Civil War photographs, 1861-1865 collection, compiled by Hirst D. Milhollen and Donald H. Mugridge.

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        Patrick S. Gilmore

        This Library of Congress primary source photograph is a portrait of Patrick Sarsfield Gilmore (1829-1892), who was known as "The Father of the American Band." He and his band enlisted as a group in the Union Army in 1861. He composed "When Johnny Comes Marching Home" in 1863, while serving as Grand Master of the Union Army in New Orleans, Louisiana.

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        Johney I Hardly Knew Ye

        This Library of Congress primary source document contains the lyrics to a civil war song about a fallen soldier called "Johney I Hardly Knew Ye." It was published by P. Brereton in Dublin, Ireland.

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        Letter from Joseph F. Green to Juliana Smith Reynolds: Jan. 2 1863

        This Library of Congress primary source document is a letter from Civil War soldier Joseph F. Green to his friend Juliana Smith. In the letter he writes of the troops discouragement after a recent battle. It is dated January 2, 1863.

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        When the Boys Come Marching Home

        This Library of Congress primary source document is a song sheet with lyrics to the civil war song "Ballad No. 1," sung to the tune of "Johnny Fill Up the Bowl." It was published by A. Anderson in Philadelphia in 1864.

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        Johnny Fill up the Bowl

        This Library of Congress primary source document is a song sheet with the lyrics to another version of the civil war song called "Johnny Fill Up the Bowl," sung to the tune of "Johnny Comes Marching Home." It was published by J.H. Johnson in Philadelphia.

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        New Johnny Fill up the Bowl

        This Library of Congress primary source document is a song sheet with lyrics for one version of the civil war song "Johnny Fill Up the Bowl." The song, sung to the tune of "Johnny Comes Marching Home," was published by J.H. Johnson in Philadelphia.

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        For Bales

        This Library of Congress primary source document is the sheet music for a civil war song called "For Bales," which was associated with the Confederate side. It was published by A.E. Blackmar in 1864 in New Orleans.

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        When Johnny Comes Marching Home Song Sheet

        This Library of Congress primary source document is a song sheet with lyrics to a civil war song called "When Johnny Comes Marching Home." The song, which was associated with the Union side, was composed by Patrick Sarsfield Gilmore and published in Boston in 1863, under the pseudonym Louis Lambert.

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        Portrait of Pvt. John White, Drummer Boy

        This Library of Congress primary source photograph is a portrait of Pvt. John White, a Civil War drummer boy for the Virginia Regiment. It was taken between 1860 and 1865 and rephotographed in 1961.

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