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        The Bolshevik Revolution: Lasting Effects

        Before 1917, Russia was ruled by an autocracy, in which the Russian Czar (king) and his family held near absolute power. Over the course of 1917, however, the Russian world was turned inside out by two consecutive Revolutions.

        The images in this media gallery depict the transformations that occurred in Russia between 1914 and 1920. As you view these, pay close attention to the way commoners and laborers played a role in the Revolution. Be sure to also read the background essay and complete the worksheet included in the Support Materials.

         

        October 1917 in Petrograd

        Kustodiev, Boris Mihajlovic (1878-1927). Medium: oil on canvas. Date: 1917.

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        Lenin at a Shoe Factory

        V.I. Lenin (1870-1924) took control as leader of Russia along with his party, the Bolshevik Party. In this image Lenin is speaking to a group at the Obukhovsky shoe factory in Petrograd, a testament to the strong industrial support he and his Bolsheviks received.

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        Russian Emperor Nicholas II Holds an Icon before His Kneeling Troops, Published in The Illustrated War News, 9th September 1914

        English Photographer, (20th century). Medium: lithograph. Date: 1914. Nicholas II of Russia (1868-1918) last Emperor of Russia Provenance: Private Collection / Peter Newark Military Pictures.

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        The Bolshevik, 1920

        This oil painting by Boris Mihajlovic Kustodiev (1878-1927) shows a bearded man carrying a red flag through the city of Petrograd. The dress of the man is the common clothing of a worker. Note also the factory smokestacks in the distant background.

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