Before 1917, Russia was ruled by an autocracy, in which the Russian Czar (king) and his family held near absolute power. Over the course of 1917, however, the Russian world was turned inside out by two consecutive Revolutions.
The images in this media gallery depict the transformations that occurred in Russia between 1914 and 1920. As you view these, pay close attention to the way commoners and laborers played a role in the Revolution. Be sure to also read the background essay and complete the worksheet included in the Support Materials.