The German National Anthem, was originally adopted for its connection to the March 1848 liberal revolution. Following its appropriation by the Nazis to promote nationalism, it was banned after 1945. In 1952, its third verse was adopted by West Germany as its national anthem and, in 1990, became the national anthem for the reunited Germany. The music was composed by Franz Joseph Haydn, while the lyrics were penned by German poet August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben.
The German flag consists of three equal horizontal bands of black, red, and gold. These colors have played an important role in German history and can be traced back to the medieval banner of the Holy Roman Emperor -- a black eagle with red claws and beak on a gold field.