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        Art from Ancient Greece

        The arts from of Ancient Greek civilization were widely influential across much of the Mediterranean world. The style of sculpture, fresco, and architecture developed in Greece was copied by later civilizations like the Romans. Indeed, of the many ancient artistic artifacts that exist today, some of the most well-known are Greek.

        This media gallery provides background information some artistic forms from Ancient Greece. As you look through each, pay attention to the style, function, materials used, and the way these materials reflect the material environment in the Greek world. 

         

        Kore Known as Kore Wearing a Peplos, Bust, 6th Century BC

        Marble was a common medium for sculpture in Ancient Greece.There were numerous quarries where Greek stoneworkers cut marble for the construction of temples and statues.Some of the most highly valued marble in Greece was Parian marble, a fine-grained, semi-translucent, pure-white marble from Paros.

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        The Apollo of Piombino, Detail of the Head of the Statue, Found in Benevento, Greek, c. 480 BC

        Bronze was a highly valued metal across the ancient world because of its strength, malleability, and beauty. Bronze is made by combining two metals: tin and copper. One of the main Greek sources for copper was the island of Cypress, the name of which is derived from the Greek word for copper.

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        Dolphins from Santorini

        The Ancient Greeks were well-known for their frescos, like this one of dolphins shown here. A fresco is a painting that is done on wet plaster so that the paint penetrates the plaster. Historians believe that this form of painting originated in Crete, a large island off the coast of Greece. The style of painting was well suited to the Greek islands, a place where heat, humidity, and sea air could easily deteriorate other styles of wall painting. This image of swimming dolphins is reflective of the warm ocean-side environment where this artistic technique emerged.

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