In the Spanish American war, John Pershing led his 10th Cavalry African American Buffalo Soldiers up San Juan Hill beside the Rough Riders. In 1899, in the Philippines, when peace incentives offered to the Moro tribes failed, Pershing led U.S. forces to victory. He married Helen Francis Warren. Over the next seven years, they raised a family. Pershing became a general. He was sent to Texas to deal with Pancho Villa and threats to the border. He left his beloved family safe in San Francisco, but one night a deadly fire swept their Presidio home, killing his wife and three of their four children.