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        Alexander Clark and an African-American’s Fight for Civil Rights | Video Gallery

        After winning the first successful school desegregation case in the history of the United States in 1867, Iowa businessman Alexander Clark received his law degree, ran a newspaper in Chicago, and became the United States Ambassador to Liberia.

        The Forgotten History of Alexander Clark

        In the mid-1800s an African-American Iowan named Alexander Clark played a critical role in the fight for civil rights.

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        The Early Life of Alexander Clark

        In 1842, at the age of 16, Alexander Clark moved to what is now Muscatine, Iowa. His skill set, including being a barber, puts him in a position to be in daily contact with the most powerful men in the community.

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        Alexander Clark and Early Abolitionists in Iowa

        There were many abolitionists living in Eastern Iowa before the Civil War. Within a short time, Alexander Clark becomes an activist fighting for the rights of blacks.

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        Alexander Clark Helps a Fugitive Slave

        Before the Civil War, some slaves escaped their slave owners and went to free states like Iowa. Jim White was a slave who was working in Iowa and was helped by Alexander Clark in 1848.

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        Alexander Clark Organizes African-Americans in Iowa to Fight in the Civil War

        Alexander Clark mobilized African-Americans in Iowa to fight for the North in the Civil War.

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        Alexander Clark Fights for Voting Rights in Iowa

        In 1868, Iowa became the first state outside of New England to grant African-American men the right to vote.

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        Alexander Clark and the First Successful Desegregation Case in the United States

        In 1867 Alexander Clark filed a lawsuit against the Muscatine Iowa school district for denying his daughter admission to an all-white school. This led to the first successful school desegregation case in the history of the United States.

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        Alexander Clark Becomes an Attorney, Newspaper Publisher & Ambassador

        After winning the first successful school desegregation case in the history of the United States in 1867, Iowa businessman Alexander Clark received his law degree, ran a newspaper in Chicago, and became the United States Ambassador to Liberia.

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