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        Pershing’s Legacy of Courage in Photographs | Black Jack Pershing: Love and War

        During World War I, General John Pershing found love with Micheline Resco.  The German onslaught forced Pershing to give Allied chief Foch all U.S. assets, ready or not. Pershing chose not to integrate the U.S. forces. Doughboys reclaimed Cantigny. At Belleau Woods, machine guns slaughtered U.S. Marines. At St. Mihiel, Allies routed the foe in four days. The Meuse Argonne Battle raged 47 muddy, bloody days. Spanish Flu came via U.S. troops. Reorganization turned the tide. War ended in November. Pershing was a six star general, a revered hero, and a man who never forgot the sacrifices of his troops.

         

        Black Jack Pershing: Love and War

        African American Soldiers in the 369th and 15th of New York | Black Jack Pershing: Love and War

        Some of the men of the 369th Infantry who won Croix de Guerre French military medals for gallantry in action. The Harlem Hellfighters 369th Infantry Regiment were African-American soldiers not allowed to fight in France with white American troops.

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        Decorating African American Soldiers with Medals | Black Jack Pershing: Love and War

        Major General Eli H. Helmick is shown decorating African American soldiers of the American Expeditionary Force in France with the Distinguished Service Cross. Many African American soldiers distinguished themselves for their bravery and gallantry in battle during WWI.

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        Retreat in Belleau Wood | Black Jack Pershing: Love and War

        German soldiers retreat as American troops enter the village of Nonsard, France in mid-September of 1918. U.S. forces easily routed retreating German troops in the ensuing Battle of St Mihiel.

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        The Battle of Meuse-Argonne | Black Jack Pershing: Love and War

        US Army 37mm gun crew manning their weapon on September 26, 1918 during the WWI Meuse-Argonne Allied offensive in France.

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        Soldiers in Meuse-Argonne | Black Jack Pershing: Love and War

        More than 1.5-million U.S. troops fought German forces in the 47-day Battle of the Meuse-Argonne. The combined offensive pushes by U.S., British and French troops forced a German surrender and end to WWI.

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        American Troops Returning from Battle at St. Mihiel | Black Jack Pershing: Love and War

        A U.S. Army Engineering Company returns from the frontlines after routing German troops in the Battle of St. Mihiel in early October of 1918. With flags flying, these jubilant U.S. troops passed through the shell-torn town of Nonsard, France.

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        American Soldiers at Cantigny | Black Jack Pershing: Love and War

        In May, 1018, 1st Division American troops, under Major-General Robert Lee Bullard, captured the French town of Cantigny from the German Eighteenth Army.

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        The Spanish Flu and WWI | Black Jack Pershing: Love and War

        Influenza sailed with American troops across the Atlantic and exploded into an epidemic in August and September of 1918. Influenza ultimately killed more American military personnel than enemy machine gun fire and artillery.

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        General John J. Pershing in the Headlines | Black Jack Pershing: Love and War

        General Pershing commanded more than one million U.S. troops in the 47-day Battle of the Meuse-Argonne. It was part of the final Allied offensive against German troops that forced an end to the war.

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        World War I Memorial at Aisne-Marne | Black Jack Pershing: Love and War

        The Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery is the largest of the American WWI cemeteries. It lies on land captured from German forces by the 5th and 32nd U.S. Infantry Divisions during the Battle of the Meuse-Argonne in late 1918. There are 14,246 American soldiers interred here.

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        Pershing's Love Affair with Micheline Resco | Black Jack Pershing: Love and War

        Pershing met Micheline Resco in Paris in 1917, when he arrived to command troops. They exchanged love letters for over 30 years. At age 85, Pershing secretly wed Resco in his Walter Reed Hospital apartment In 1946. She was 35 years younger than the general.

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        The War is Over! | Black Jack Pershing: Love and War

        In November 1918, German ruler Kaiser Wilhelm fled his country’s throne. Two days later German troops surrendered to Allied forces. The fighting ceasefire took effect on November 11th—on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month.

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        Post-War Portrait of General John J. Pershing | Black Jack Pershing: Love and War

        After WWI, John Pershing was elevated to the rank of six-star general by Congress. He was the only active duty six-star general in American history. In 1976, George Washington was posthumously made a six-star general, more than a century-and-a-half after his death.

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