Immigrants changed Montana’s economic, political, and social fabric. They directly affected Montana Indian tribes by taking up non-allotment lands on reservations. The homestead ‘bust’ (1917–1930) proved just as dramatic as the ‘boom.’ Farms were abandoned, markets disappeared and towns died. Only the most resilient of settlers adapted to the new conditions and survived, becoming the core of Montana’s current agricultural community. Contrary to popular opinion, homesteading wasn't for men only - women were able to "prove up" too and these hearty women also changed the fabric of Montana's early years.