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        Dust Bowl Migrations

        Throughout the Dust Bowl decade, the Plains were torn by climatic extremes. In addition to dirt storms, residents of the Great Plains suffered through blizzards, tornadoes, floods, droughts, earthquakes, and record high and low temperatures. This set of primary resources from the Library of Congress includes images and recordings that provide insight into the lives of the people that suffered through this horrific disaster. A Teacher's Guide is also included to provide historical context and teaching suggestions.

        http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/primarysourcesets/dust-bowl-migration/

        School at Pie Town, New Mexico

        This Library of Congress primary source photograph depicts a school at Pie Town, New Mexico held at the Farm Bureau Building in 1940. It was taken by Lee Russell in October 1940.

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        Arizona

        This Library of Congress primary source is an audio recording of Jack Bryant, a migrant worker, reflecting on his Dustbowl experience in Firebaugh FSA Camp in California in 1940.

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        Why We Come to California

        This Library of Congress primary source is an audio recording of Flora Roberta, who wrote the poem “Why We Came to California” in 1940. It is part of the "Voices from the Dust Bowl" series in The Charles L. Todd and Robert Sonkin Migrant Worker Collection, which covers 1940 through 1941.

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        Hungry Children

        This Library of Congress primary source photograph depicts 32-year-old Florence Thompson with several of her seven children in a tent shelter. The photo was taken by Dorothea Lange in 1936 as part of the "Migrant Mother" series.

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        Migrant Agricultural Worker's Family

        This Library of Congress primary source photograph shows Florence Thompson, a migrant agricultural mother with two of her seven children in Nipomo, California. The photograph, taken by Dorothea Lange in 1936, is part of her “Migrant Mother” series.

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        Migrant Mother

        This Library of Congress primary source photograph shows Florence Thompson, a destitute migrant worker with three of her seven children in Nipomo, California. It was photographed by Dorothea Lange in 1936. It is part of Lange's "Migrant Mother" series.

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        Migrant Pea Pickers Camp in the Rain

        This Library of Congress primary source photograph depicts migrant pea pickers camping in the rain in California in February 1936. It was taken by Dorothea Lange.

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        Oklahoma Farm Family

        This Library of Congress primary source photograph showing an Oklahoma farm family on a highway between Blythe and Indio is an example of self-resettlement in California. It was taken by Dorothea Lange in August 1936.

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        Family Who Traveled by Freight Train

        This Library of Congress primary source photograph shows a family who traveled by freight train in the Yakima Valley in Toppenish, Washington. It was published by Dorothea Lange in August 1939.

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        Thousands of Families Live on Wheels

        This Library of Congress primary source photograph shows children sitting on top of family belongings piled up on the back of a flatbed truck while two men stand by the sides of the truck. The photo was taken in the San Joaquin Valley by Dorothea Lange in February 1935.

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        Oklahoma Dust Bowl Refugees

        This Library of Congress primary source photograph depicts Oklahoma dust bowl refugees in San Fernando, California in 1935. It was taken by Dorothea Lange.

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        I'd Rather Not be on Relief

        This Library of Congress primary source document is a poem written by Lester Hunter in 1938. It is part of the "Voices from the Dust Bowl" series from The Charles L. Todd and Robert Sonkin Migrant Worker Collection, which spans 1940-1941.

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        Community Clothesline

        This Library of Congress primary source photograph depicts a community clothesline at an FSA camp for migrant workers in Robstown, Texas. It was taken by Arthur Rothstein in January 1942.

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        Boy Building Model Airplane

        This Library of Congress primary source photograph shows a boy building a model airplane while other children look on at an FSA labor camp in Robstown, Texas. It was taken in 1942 by Arthur Rothstein.

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        Group of Children Posing Under Sign

        This Library of Congress primary source photograph depicts a group of children posing under sign that reads "U.S. Department of Agriculture Farm Security Administration Farm Workers Community." It was taken in El Rio, California at the FSA Camp for Mexican fruit pickers.

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        Where is Tranquility, California?

        This Library of Congress primary source photograph depicts a migrant worker woman looking at map with a boy standing behind her. Dorothea Lange took this photo in 1935.

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        Map of California by Rural Rehabilitation Division

        This Library of Congress primary source print is a map of California by the Rural Rehabilitation Division showing areas where different crops are grown, proposed location of initial camps for migrants, and routes of migration. It was published in the mid-1930s.

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        Breadline at McCauley Water Street Mission

        This Library of Congress primary source photograph depicts a breadline at McCauley Water Street Mission under Brooklyn Bridge, New York. It was taken between 1930 and 1934 by an unknown photographer.

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        Stock Watering Hole

        This Library of Congress primary source photograph depicts a stock watering hole almost completely covered by shifting topsoil in Cimarron County, Oklahoma. It was taken in April 1936 by Arthur Rothstein.

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        Dust Storm: Amarillo, Texas

        This Library of Congress primary source photograph depicts a dust storm in Amarillo, Texas. It was photographed in April 1936 by Arthur Rothstein.

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        Heavy Black Clouds of Dust

        This Library of Congress primary source photograph depicts heavy black clouds of dust rising over the Texas Panhandle. It was photographed in March 1936 by Arthur Rothstein.

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