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        Red Metal: Chapter 4

        This final segment of Red Metal: The Copper Country Strike of 1913 explores the final months of the unsuccessful strike, and shows how the strike was memorialized in Woody Guthrie’s 1941 folk ballad, “1913 Massacre.” By 1914, the union strike fun had been depleted and the strike was called off, and half of the workers returned to their jobs on the condition that they abandon the union. While there was broad social progress in the United States following the 1913 strike, the Copper Country entered a slow economic decline. The last mining company closed down in the 1960s. The jobs left, and the people left with them.


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