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        9-13+

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        Fog of War Lesson Plan

        In this lesson, to be used with the program War of 1812, students will discuss the term "fog of war." They will discover why it was used during the war of 1812. Students create a piece of writing using a RAFT rubric that will describe what it was like to fight in the war. They will choose from these perspectives to feature: American, British, First Nations, or Canadian Colonist.

        Battle of Lundy's Lane Image

        A painting of the Battle of Lundy's Lane.

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        Spring 1813 The British Invade Video

        Invasion by the British in the War of 1812.

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        Military Realities Video

        In this bonus video segment from The War of 1812, some constraints and problems of the times will be overviewed. A large constraint of the time was delayed communications. It took ten days for news to travel up or down the coast and two to three weeks for information to travel out to the west. In 1812, Britain had three times the population of the US and a well-trained army. American soldiers, many of whom were volunteers, expected the war to be brief. The British in their red coats and the Americans in blue were often difficult to differentiate at night. Additionally, weapons were commonly inaccurate.

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        Military Medicine Video

        In this bonus video segment from The War of 1812, students will see that disease and infection caused the majority of deaths among the American military during the War of 1812. Poor hygiene, poor nutrition and poor sanitation caused a plethora of medical problems for the American military. Malaria and food poising were common killers but the #1 cause of death was infection. One surgeon and one assistant might be available per 1,000 troops. Death was almost inevitable if injured by a musket ball in the head, chest or abdomen. Fortunately, most musket ball injuries were in the limbs which carried only a 20% chance of death. Amputation of limbs was often the life-saving answer. However, the procedures were performed without anesthetics which had not yet been invented.

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