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        East India Company in India

        The British Corporation the East India Company arrived in India shortly after it was incorporated in 1600. It wasn’t until the eighteenth century, however, that the company truly had a strong presence in specifically Indian trade. Through the East India Company, the British gradually colonized portions of India. This colonization brought war to much of the region, as the heads of the Indian states resisted the imposition of European culture. A series of wars erupted until the British company held control of much of the country. In 1858, after a large Indian rebellion against the company, the corporation was dissolved and India came under the direct control of the British Queen and her government.

        Review the images below. As you do, pay close attention to how these images show the East India Company gradually extended its control over the Indian subcontinent.

         

        Excerpts from Documents on the East India Company

        These two excerpts from primary documents detail events in India during the period of East India Company rule. The first is from Thomas Twining (1776-1861), an English colonial administrator and judge who lived in India for decades. The excerpt is from a letter he wrote in 1807 to Edward Parry, the Chairman of the East India Company, explaining the religious habits of the native Indians. The second is from John Logan’s A Review of the Principal Charges against Warren Hastings. In it Logan describes the charges against Warren Hastings, the former Governor General of Bengal, who was accused of corruption while posted there. He was impeached in 1787, but was later acquitted of the charges.

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        Clive at Plassey

        Here Major General Robert Clive leads troops through the Battle of Plassey in 1757. The East India Company defeated the French, and took over rule of Bengal. This battle marked the end of French rule in Bengal.

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        Tippoo Sabib’s Sons Delivered As Hostages to the English

        In 1792, the British attacked the Tipu Sultan’s territory of Srirangapatna after he continuously attacked East India Company traders. Tipu Sultan could not defeat the troops, and was forced to give half of his territories to the British, and pay fines.

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        The Great Mogul Delivering to Lord Clive the Right of Dominion of Bengal, Orissa and Bahar

        The Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II signed a the Treaty of Allahabad with Lord Robert Clive of the East India Company, giving the right to collect taxes for the government in the provinces. In return, the Company paid a tribute to the emperor. English School. Medium: lithograph. Date: 18th Century.

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