Promote Active viewing: Active viewing strategies for videos keep students engaged and maximize learning through activities and questions before, during, and after a video is shown. Active viewing strategies include:
Introducing the difference between video as entertainment versus scholarship and encouraging your students to watch as active critics rather than passive consumers.
Providing some contextual information for videos in advance to aid student comprehension.
Eliciting student observations and inferences by asking them to take notes about where they think the video was recorded, what time of day it was, and other “why” questions.
1. Frame: Provide a context that helps students pay attention to the main content of the video. Ask students questions about the topic explored in the video to activate prior knowledge. When necessary, tell your students enough about the part of the story preceding the segment, so they can follow along.
2. Focus: Help students notice the important moments in the video by providing them with a specific focus, something to look for while they watch. Without a focus for viewing, students see all sorts of interesting details - but not necessarily the idea or information you want them to focus on.
3. Follow-up: Provide an opportunity for students to summarize what they saw - because they will see different things, and not always what you expected them to see! Re-telling what they saw helps students consolidate their understanding and remember it.