The Homestead Act proved detrimental to Native Americans, when overly optimistic advertising in Europe brought a flood of immigrants to the plains, which drove them from their homelands. In 1862, President Abraham Lincoln signed the Homestead Act and created opportunity for the 372,000 families that poured onto the prairies. The families came for many reasons – a hunger for land, a vision for the future, a longing for adventure, or an interest in profit. Some failed. Some scraped by. Some succeeded.
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