French School, (15th century); French. Medium: vellum. Date: 15th Century. The Battle of Poitiers was a major battle of the Hundred Years' War between England and France. The battle occurred on 19 September 1356 near Poitiers, France; Edward, the Black Prince (son of King Edward III of England) defeated Jean II of France; English archers prevailed; Longbowmen of England; English army defeated French army; Provenance: Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, France. Photographic Rights The Bridgeman Art Library.