Explore a collection of images taken from the Battle of Gettysburg, including scenes of battlefield and fallen soldiers. This gallery also features an image of Matthew Brady, who documented the Civil War in more than 10,000 photographs. The Battle of Gettysburg was fought on July 1, 1863 in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, between Union soldiers from the North and Southern Confederate forces. It is considered to be one of the most important battles of the Civil War, and was a key victory for the Union Army. The Civil War was one of the earliest wars to be documented on camera.