This video from The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow features historians Mark Bauerlein and Kenneth Goings addressing the notion of “negrophobia,” an attitude engendering a fear or contempt for black people and their culture that was pervasive throughout the Jim Crow era. During this period, racist imagery of African Americans in the media and in advertising often presented people of color as criminals, less than human, and with exaggerated, unnatural features. These images not only objectified African Americans but helped to cement the perception (by whites) that African Americans were inferior. Despite the contributions African Americans made to Jazz music and other emerging arts forms in the early 20th century that challenged the pervading notion of black inferiority, African Americans endured centuries of institutionalized racism that permeated all parts of American society.
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