In 1914, 500 of the 1300 workers at Atlanta's Fulton Bag and Cotton Mill went out on strike. Oscar Elsas established the mill. The textile mill's employees included farm families seeking a better life. Despite relatively high salaries and company housing, the 60-70 hour work weeks and repetitive labor disillusioned many employees. As former farmers, they were accustomed to more independence. They suffered from conditions that made it hard to breathe.