In this one hour video Leslie Martin's ninth graders create, present, revise, and defend a Federal budget, and then reflect on what they have learned over the course of three class periods. Students participate in a simulation, working in small, randomly assigned cooperative learning groups. They first create a budget for presentation to the class that represents the priorities of the executive branch. They are next introduced to the actual 2001 Federal budget, and in a whole class, teacher led discussion, discuss some key concepts involved in creating a Federal budget. Finally, a few groups present its revised budget and the remaining students, who have previously each selected a Congressperson whose views are compatible with their own, simulate a Congressional hearing on the budget.