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        9-12

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        Part of Slavery by Another Name
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        The Price of Labor

        This Slavery by Another Name educational unit examines the vital role that labor played in the development of the South after the Civil War as it moved toward industrialization. Using the rise of Birmingham, Alabama as an example, students will be introduced to the various forced labor systems — which also subjugated child workers — that industrialists used to trigger and sustain industrial growth. Students will also define exploitation and consider its use in modern labor forces.

        Reflections on Birmingham

        This video excerpt is from a StoryCorps oral history that features Martha Bouyer, a Birmingham native, who talks about how the rapid growth of the city was spurred by cheap and forced labor. She talks about Sloss Furnaces, a major producer of pig iron (an ingredient necessary for the production of steel) from the 1880s through World War II. She also discusses how the natural resources of the city helped in its industrialization.

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        A New Labor Force

        This film clip from Slavery by Another Name discusses the rise of convict leasing, a legal practice used by Southern states, and the system’s profitability. It also highlights the rise of industrialists like John T. Milner who helped to trigger development in Birmingham, but as a former slaverholder, also replaced slaves with convicts as the major labor force in his operations and exposed these forced laborers to horrid working conditions.

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        The Economics of Labor

        This Slavery by Another Name video clip discusses the economic rationale behind forced labor after the Civil War as the South moved towards industrialization.

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        Reflections on Child Convicts

        This Slavery by Another Name video clip discusses the use of children in forced labor, which was a common practice. Children were exposed to the same harsh working conditions as adults, especially during the emergence of industrialization. This clip also discusses the racial inequalities that existed between the use of black children versus white children in labor camps.

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