Students learn from the Westward Expansion interactive timeline and maps how the Idaho territory changed since 1860 today, including the changes to American Indian tribal lands and tribes.
This lesson is part of "Great States: Idaho Unit 5: Westward Expansion" which introduces students to the period of Westward Expansion, when people lived much differently than they do today. In spite of these differences, pioneer families struggled with how to obtain food and shelter, how to define the roles of each family member, and how to balance risk and opportunity—much like families in modern day Idaho.
4.SS.1.3.1: Identify the five federally recognized American Indian tribes in Idaho: Coeur d’Alene, Kootenai, Shoshone-Bannock, Nez Perce, and Shoshone-Paiute Tribes and current reservation lands.
4.SS.3.2.1: Describe examples of historic and current technological innovations in relation to economic growth in Idaho.
4.SS.2.1.1: Use geographic skills to collect, analyze, interpret, and communicate data.
Boise District 413.07: Use geographic skills to collect, analyze, interpret, and communicate data.
Boise District 413.40: Describe examples of technological innovations in relation to economic growth in Idaho.
- Interactive: Westward Expansion, 1790-1850
- Computer lab
- Class set of Contemporary American Indian Reservations map handout
With each student at a computer, have your students work with the Westward Expansion, 1790-1850 interactive timeline, which covers the period 1860–1890.
To use the interactive timeline, launch the interactive map from the link. Select “States and Territories.” The timeline should have 1860 selected by default. To move through the timeline, click on the red circles above each of the other dates (1860, 1870, and such). Layers and data can be turned on and off by clicking on the squares and circles in the right-hand frame.
Allow students 10 minutes to explore the various features, dates, and base maps. Encourage your students to explore the expansion of features such as the network of railroads over time.
Hand out the Contemporary American Indian Reservations map as a reference for students to see how the tribal lands have changed since the 1800s and how many American Indian tribes exist today in Idaho.
Have your students answer the following questions:
What happens to the Idaho territory between 1860 and 1890?
What native tribes were in Idaho territory in 1860?
By 1890, what major technological innovation had made its way into Idaho, bringing a new breed of settlers and new methods of trading goods?
Between what two decades was the transcontinental railroad completed?
What tribes are in Idaho today?
Idaho goes from being a territory to becoming a state
Flathead, Bannock, Nez Perce, and Coeur d’Alene
between 1860 and 1870
Kootenai, Coeur d’Alene, Nez Perce, Shoshone-Bannock, Shoshone-Paiute