Students study the change in tribal lands over time. Students read about the Manifest Destiny of the 1800s and write a short opinion essay about the effects of Westward Expansion.
This lesson is part Great States: Idaho | Unit 6: Settling Idaho which examines the resources, opportunities and freedoms that lured different groups to Idaho. Emphasis will be placed on how the arrival of newcomers presented challenges to those already settled in territory.
4.SS.1.2.4: Analyze and describe the effects of westward expansion and subsequent federal policies on Idaho's American Indian tribes.
4.SS.2.3.2: Discuss the impact of colonization on American Indian tribal lands in Idaho, such as aboriginal and/or ceded territories, and the Treaties of 1855 and 1863.
Boise District 413.19: Analyze and describe how the westward expansion impacted the American Indians in Idaho.
- A projector
- Image: Idaho Tribes Then
- Image: Idaho Tribes Now
- Class set of Idaho Tribes Then vs. Now handout (optional)
- Class set of Manifest Destiny and the American Indians handout
- Notebooks or loose-leaf paper
- Start the lesson by either projecting or providing a printed version of each map. Ask the students to point out the differences noticed. Most students will point out how much land the American Indians had in the past versus today. It appears as though more tribal names existed in the past. Explain that even though there are only five federally recognized tribes in Idaho today, there are many more existing tribes without reservation land.
- Have the students read the handout on Manifest Destiny. Ask them to write an opinion essay on one of the following:
- If you were in charge of the government in the 1800s, do you think you would have wanted the country to expand west? Explain your answer.
- What do you think Idaho’s American Indians’ lives would be like today if settlers did not come to Idaho in the 1800s?