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        3-5, 13+

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        Iowa | Activity 2.3: History of Tools and Hunting

        Students watch a series of videos about the history of American Indian tools and hunting. They learn how American Indians made tools from the natural resources available to them, and how their tools and weapons became more technologically advanced over time. They also learn how these tools and weapons aided American Indians in hunting animals that, in turn, provided natural resources for food, clothing, and shelter. 

        Lesson Summary

        Students watch a series of videos about the history of American Indian tools and hunting. They learn how American Indians made tools from the natural resources available to them, and how their tools and weapons became more technologically advanced over time. They also learn how these tools and weapons aided American Indians in hunting animals that, in turn, provided natural resources for food, clothing, and shelter.  

        This lesson is part of "Great States: Iowa | Unit 2: Early Native Peoples." In this unit, students will explore the way of life of Iowa’s earliest inhabitants.

        Time Allotment

        20 minutes

        Learning Objectives

        Standards: 

        E.SS.3.13: Identify how people use natural resources, human resources, and physical capital to produce goods and services.

        H.SS.3.28: Explain the cultural contributions that different groups have made to Iowa. 

        CG.SS.4.10: Describe how societies have changed in the past and continue to change. (21st century skills) 

        H.SS.4.25: Analyze the impact of technological changes in Iowa, across time and place. 

        Supplies

        Directions

        1. Explain to students that early American Indians in Iowa survived by making tools and weapons from materials easily available to them like wood, stone, and animal bones. The tools and weapons helped them hunt for animals that provided natural materials for food, clothing, and shelter.

        2. Distribute the Natural Resources for Tools, Food, Clothing, and Shelter handout to students. Tell students they will be watching a series of videos about how American Indians used natural materials to make tools and weapons for hunting animals that provided materials for food, clothing, and shelter. Instruct students to list the natural materials discussed in the videos and note the ways in which the native Iowans used those resources to survive.

        3. Play the videos:
        4. Ask students to pick one tool or item they learned about from the videos that they thought was the most useful and describe the natural resources used to make it, how it was used, and why they thought it was the most useful.

        5. As a class discussion, have students describe the ancient tools found in Iowa and how the American Indian peoples of Iowa improved them. Also, discuss what natural resources came from animals and how hunting helped the Iowan tribes survive.

        Answer Key:

        Natural Resource/Material

        Use

        Stone

        Scrapers, spear tips, arrow tips, knives

        Bone

        Knives, scrapers, food, awls (needles)

        Wood

        Bows, arrow shafts

        Hide

        Clothing, shelter

        Meat

        Food

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