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        4-7, 13+

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        Minnesota | Activity 2.1: The Indigenous Peoples of Minnesota

        Students watch a video about the indigenous peoples who traveled across the continent. Based on the video, students explain the role of the leader of a migratory people and explain how interactions may have been between the migrant people and permanently established occupants of an area.

        Lesson Summary

        Students watch a video about the indigenous peoples who traveled across the continent. Based on the video, students explain the role of the leader of a migratory people and explain how interactions may have been between the migrant people and permanently established occupants of an area.

        This lesson is part of "Great States: Minnesota | Unit 2: Dakota and Anishinaabe" which compares the Dakota and Anishinaabe people and emphasizes what makes each of these indigenous groups special and unique.

        Time Allotment

        15 minutes

        Learning Objectives

        Standard: 

        6.4.4.15: North America was populated by indigenous nations that had developed a wide range of social structures, political systems, and economic activities, and whose expansive trade networks extended across the continent. 

        Supplies

        Directions

        1. Tell students they will be watching a short video about the indigenous peoples who traveled across the American continent. Play the video, Living with the Land [2:10].

        2. Have students get a partner. One partner should pretend to be a news reporter. The other partner should pretend to be an expert on the indigenous peoples. Pass out the handout with the following questions for the news reporter to ask the expert:

          1. Where did the indigenous peoples live?

          2. What are some reasons the indigenous peoples moved from place to place?

          3. Some say that the indigenous peoples were nomads, but they were not. What made them different from nomads?

        3. Working individually on the back of the handout, ask students to imagine being the leader of an indigenous nation. Ask students to explain their role as leader of the migrant peoples.

        Answer Key

          1. The indigenous peoples lived anywhere from the Rio Grande to Canada, depending on the time of the year. [0:56]

          2. The indigenous peoples decided to move when the weather became too hot or too cold in one location. They moved south in the winter and north in the summer. [1:19]

          3. The indigenous peoples were migratory. Unlike nomads who wandered, the indigenous peoples knew where they were going, and they migrated in patterns over the course of a year. They returned to the same places with each season. [0:28]

        1. The leader’s role was to have knowledge of the environment, such as where the game was located, and know where to plant crops, make fires, and find water. [0:11]

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