Students examine American Indian photos. They learn about the tools and land used by the American Indians. Students list items seen in the photos and determine how these items assisted the American Indian people.
This lesson is part of "Great States: Montana | Unit 3: American Indians" where students will investigate how American Indians were able to thrive before the arrival of Europeans and learn about their current concerns.
4.1: Identify and use various sources of information (e.g., artifacts, diaries, photographs, charts, biographies, paintings, architecture, songs) to develop an understanding of the past.
4.7: Explain the history, culture, and current status of the American Indian tribes in Montana and the United States.
4.5: Identify and illustrate how technologies have impacted the course of history (e.g., energy, transportation, communications).
6.4: Identify characteristics of American Indian tribes and other cultural groups in Montana.
- Photo: Blackfoot Family | Native American Civilizations | U.S. History
- Photo: Blackfoot Camp | Native American Civilizations | U.S. History
- Photo: Blackfoot Indian | Native American Civilizations | U.S. History
- An interactive whiteboard, projector, or another type of screen to show images to the class
- Class set of Blackfeet Tools and Land handout
Distribute the Blackfoot Tools and Land handout.
Show students the image, Blackfoot Family | Native American Civilizations | U.S. History. Explain that the term “squaw” is derogatory and no longer acceptable for use, and that the group of people in the photographs is from the Blackfeet Nation, though they are sometimes referred to as the Blackfoot in Canada. Explain that this is a photo of a family on horseback carrying a child on a “travois” (travois is a device for dragging a person who is injured or sick or who is too young to walk, although it is often a way of transporting goods as well.)
Show students the image, Blackfoot Camp | Native American Civilizations | U.S. History. Explain that this photo shows a native camp on the Blackfeet Reserve. Note the teepees that were used for shelter because they are easy to dismantle and move to another area.
Show the image, Blackfoot Indian | Native American Civilizations | U.S. History. Explain that this is a Blackfeet American Indian brave sitting on the riverbank. Note the intricate dress and canoes.
- Have students answer the questions on the handout.
- The description should include: Blackfeet people, American Indians, horses, tepees, child, canoes, water, trees, brush, land, intricate clothing.
- Examples include: The travois helped the Blackfeet move the sick from place to place; the horses helped the Blackfeet move across the land. Teepees were houses that were quick to put up and take down so that movement was easy. Canoes were used for the Blackfeet to travel down rivers. The clothing helped keep the Blackfeet warm.