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        3-5,13+

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        North Dakota | Activity 3.4: The Women of Earth Lodges

        Students watch a video about earth lodges and write out the roles and responsibilities of a woman living in an earth lodge.

        Lesson Summary

        Students watch a video about earth lodges and write out the roles and responsibilities of a woman living in an earth lodge.

        This lesson is part of "Great States | North Dakota Unit 3: American Indians," where students will determine how American Indians were able to thrive before the arrival of Europeans in North Dakota.

         

        Time Allotment

        12 minutes

        Learning Objectives

        Standards: 

        4.2.6: Describe the daily lives (e.g., roles, shelter, significance of buffalo) of the first inhabitants of North Dakota 

        4.6.2: Explain the contributions of various ethnic groups (e.g., Native Americans, immigrants) to the history of North Dakota (e.g., food, traditions, languages, celebrations) 

        4.6.1: Explain how background and history influence people’s actions (e.g., farming methods, hunting methods, economic decisions).

        Supplies

        • Video: Earth Lodges

        • An interactive whiteboard, projector, or other screen to show videos to class

        Directions

        1. Tell students they will be watching a short video about living in earth lodges. Explain that an earth lodge is a type of home that Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara Indians lived in.

        1. Play the video, Earth Lodges [2:50].

        1. Have students talk about the role women played in Mandan society. Remind students that the Mandan had a matriarchal society, and explain what that means. Have students come up with a list of the roles and responsibilities women had in Mandan society. Answers should include:

          1. sew clothing

          2. build lodge

          3. maintain lodge

          4. plant seeds

          5. daily gardening: tend to corn, squash, sunflowers

          6. harvest vegetables

        1. Have students think about why certain responsibilities were so important. Which do they think were the most important responsibilities and why? Answers may include gardening because it was important to trade, building houses for shelter, making sure there was enough food to last year round.

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