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## Oregon | Activity 2.2: Map Skills

Students use a map of Oregon to identify major landmarks. They learn how a compass is a map tool, and that latitude and longitude can help find areas on a map. Students label their map with major landmarks, latitude, and longitude.

### Lesson Summary

Students use a map of Oregon to identify major landmarks. They learn how a compass is a map tool, and that latitude and longitude can help find areas on a map. Students label their map with major landmarks, latitude, and longitude.

This lesson is part of "Great States: Oregon | Unit 2: Map Skills and Oregon’s Geography". This unit includes both an overview of basic map skills and an exploration of some of Oregon’s unique physical features.

### Time Allotment

20 minutes

### Learning Objectives

Standards:

4.8: Use geographical tools (e.g., maps, GPS, Google Earth) to identify absolute and relative locations and physical characteristics of places in Oregon.

### Directions

1. Tell students there are many tools that are used to read maps. Ask if they can name any of the tools [compass, scale, key or legend, latitude, and longitude, etc.]

1. Project the Oregon with Latitude and Longitude Overlay map for students. Point out some of the tools and features on the map.

1. Distribute the Oregon Map handout and rulers to students.

1. Have students label Salem, the Oregon state capital, their city and county, and the adjacent states on their map handout.

1. Have them label the blank compass with the four directions.

1. Explain that latitude and longitude are measurements of the Earth, so anywhere can be specified by a set of numbers and letters. Latitude ranges from 0 to 90 degrees and measures distances north or south of the Equator. Longitude ranges from 0 to 180 degrees and measures distance east or west of the Prime Meridian.

1. Have students label the longitude and latitude lines on their map handout. Keep the Oregon with Latitude and Longitude Overlay map up for students to reference.

1. Explain that the latitude and longitude location for Salem is 45N and 123W, and Oregon City is roughly 45.5N and 122.5W. Call on students to find the approximate locations for the following:

1. Astoria

2. Bend

3. Coquille

4. Eugene

5. La Grande

These locations are rounded to the nearest ½ degree.

1. 46N and 124W

2. 44N and 121.5W

3. 43N and 124W

4. 44N and 123W

5. 45.5N and 118W

## Educational Standards

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