Compare maps of the Native Peoples’ lands from the 1800s and today. Students learn about the locations of contemporary reservations and list features that are nearby.
This lesson is part of "Great States: Oregon | Unit 3: Native Peoples." In this unit, students explore the cultures of Oregon’s Native Peoples population, as well as the interactions of Native groups with others who have come to Oregon.
4.4: Identify the nine federally recognized Oregon tribes and their aboriginal boundaries.
4.10: Compare and contrast varying patterns of settlements in Oregon, past and present, and consider future trends.
- Class set of Native Peoples of Oregon handout
- Map: Contemporary Oregon
- An interactive whiteboard, projector, or another type of screen to show images to the class
Explain to students that Oregon was made up of many people before settlers and explorers migrated out West. Each group had their own traditions and cultures. After settlers moved in, the land the Native Peoples occupied decreased dramatically through treaties and conflicts. Today, there are nine federally recognized tribes in Oregon, seven of which have reservations. Pass out the Native Peoples of Oregon handout, which compares the land occupied by Native Peoples in Oregon in the 1800s to today.
Explain that the map on the top shows the Native Peoples’ lands in Oregon in the 1800s, while the map on the bottom shows the map of present-day Native Peoples’ reservations in Oregon.
Project the contemporary Oregon map as well. Break the students up into groups and have them answer the questions on the worksheet.
Reconvene to go over all the answers from the different groups. Describe the differences in lifestyle with regard to geography the Native Peoples tribes might face today. [Examples: not nearly as much land to use, highways running through or near their reservations, etc.]
Many tribes are completely gone. The land that Native Peoples live on has been drastically reduced.
Clatskanie, Tillamook, Alsea, Athabaskans, Takelma, Galice, Applegate, Shasta, Modoc, Molalla, Kalapuya, Chinook, Wasco, Wishram, Sahaptians, Shoshone, Cayuse, Nez Perce
Warm Springs: Madras, Deschutes River, Cascade Range;
Umatilla: Pendleton, Blue Mountains, Rt. 84, or Columbia Plateau