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        3-5, 13+

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        Oregon | Activity 3.3: Chief Joseph

        Read a biography of influential Native Peoples leader, Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce. Students create a timeline of Chief Joseph’s life and times.

        Lesson Summary

        Read a biography of influential Native Peoples leader, Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce. Students create a timeline of Chief Joseph’s life and times.

        This lesson is part of "Great States: Oregon | Unit 3: Native Peoples." In this unit, students explore the cultures of Oregon’s Native Peoples population, as well as the interactions of Native groups with others who have come to Oregon.

        Time Allotment

        15 minutes

        Learning Objectives

        Standards: 

        4.6: Create and evaluate timelines that show relationships among people, events, and movements in Oregon history.

        Supplies

        Directions

        1. Distribute the Chief Joseph Biography and Timeline handout.

        1. Explain to students that Chief Joseph was a leader of the Nez Perce Native Peoples tribe. The biography describes major events in his life.

        1. Have students read the biography. Instruct students to circle or underline important dates and facts as they read.

        1. Have students follow the instructions on the timeline handout. Glue and paper can be used to better organize the timeline strips.

        Answer Key:

        1840 - Born in Northeastern Oregon

        1855 - Joseph the Elder helps establish a large Nez Perce reservation

        1863 - Settlers of the gold rush begin to push the Nez Perce off their reservation

        1877 - Conflict escalates with the US government and army

        1877 - Chief Joseph and several hundred followers flee toward Canada

        1877 - Chief Joseph surrenders, relocates with followers to Oklahoma

        1904 - Chief Joseph dies, never returning to Native Wallowa lands

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