Students watch a video on the interaction between Lewis and Clark and the Nez Perce Native Peoples, and learn how the tribe and Lewis and Clark helped each other. They then answer questions based on their learning.
This lesson is part of "Great States: Unit 4: Early Explorers & Fur Trade." In this unit, students will explore how exploration and the fur trade impacted the Native Peoples and set the region on a path toward statehood.
4.1: Identify and describe historic Native American Indian groups that lived in Oregon prior to contact with Europeans and at the time of early European exploration, including ways these groups adapted to and interacted with the physical environment.
4.2: Explain how key individuals and events influenced the early growth and changes in Oregon.
- Video: Moments in Time: The Nez Perce, Honest and Sincere
- An interactive whiteboard, projector, or another type of screen to show videos to the class
- Class set of The Nez Perce handout
Explain that the Nez Perce were the largest Native Peoples tribe that Lewis and Clark encountered on their expedition. The tribe at that time was estimated to be over 6,000 people. The name Nez Perce, meaning “pierced nose,” was given to the tribe after encounters with the French. The Nez Perce helped Lewis and Clark by holding their horses when they traveled by water and by teaching them to build canoes.
Distribute the The Nez Perce handout to students. Tell students they will be watching a video that visualizes journal entries written by Lewis and Clark about their encounters with the Nez Perce. Instruct students to take notes on Lewis and Clark’s experiences with the Nez Perce.
Play the video, Moments in Time: The Nez Perce, Honest and Sincere. [1:06]
Discuss any questions the students have after the video—explain that “eye water” was a medicine that was brought with other medicines by Meriwether Lewis on the expedition.
Have students answer questions on the handout and review the answers together.
Hospitable and sincere [0:24]
By providing useful and needed items through trade [0:40]
Horses, medicines [0:48]