The elements of music are the building blocks that give each piece of music its distinct sound. Being familiar with the elements can help you better understand and appreciate a piece of music.
Pitch refers to how high or low a note sounds. There may be a wide range of pitches in a piece of music.
Melody refers to the sequence of specific notes or pitches. Think of a family song, such as “Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star” or “Happy Birthday to You.” The sequence of pitches makes the song recognizable.
Harmony happens when two or more pitches are played or sung at the same time.
Tempo refers to how fast or slow the basic pulse of a piece of music is. Rhythm describes the pattern of beats that fit into the tempo of a piece of music.
Dynamics is the element of music that describes how loud or soft the sound is. Dynamics can help convey emotion in a piece of music.
Timbre (pronounced tam-bor) is the musical term for the type of sound an instrument or voice makes—its character or personality.