This memorial, modeled after a Greek temple, was built to honor America’s 16th president, Abraham Lincoln. It was the collaborative effort of architect Henry Bacon, sculptor Chester French, and artist Jules Guiren.
Bacon based the building’s design on the Parthenon. He felt a memorial to a man who defended democracy should be based on a structure found in the birthplace of democracy. Building materials were collected from many regions of the U.S. as a tribute to Lincoln.
In classic Greek style, the building has colonnades of Doric and Ionic design. The statue of Lincoln is 19 feet tall and sits on a 10-foot pedestal. Flanking chambers commemorate tow of his speeches, the Gettysburg Address and his Second Inaugural Address. Ground was broken for the structure of February 14, 1914. The building was dedicated on May 30, 1922. The memorial is located at the west end of the National Mall.
(Facts obtained from the National Parks Service website)