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        Nazi Concentration Camps | Ken Burns: The War

        View images taken at liberated Nazi concentration camps during World War II. When Adolf Hitler rose to power in Germany in the early 1930s, he began to establish thousands of camps to imprison political enemies and people considered inferior. Prisoners were starved, tortured, and killed. By 1941, killing centers were created specifically to murder the Jewish population. Nazi Germany was responsible for the deaths of 2 million non-Jewish Polish prisoners, 4 million Soviet POWs, and 6 million Jews. Nazis were also responsible for the deaths of thousands of gypsies, handicapped persons, and homosexuals. The full extent of the atrocities and genocide was not realized until Allied troops liberated the camps in 1945.

        Dachau: Examining the Dead | Ken Burns: The War

        In a box car at Dachau concentration camp, American Medical Corpsmen examine the dead bodies of prisoners. At other camps, medic Ray Leopold witnesses horrors he had trouble believing. Credit: The National Archives (208-AA-129J-57).

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        Mauthausen: Fighting Back | Ken Burns: The War

        Prisoners of Mauthausen, liberated by the 11th Armored Division—Burnett Miller's unit—pull down a Nazi Eagle mounted over the camp gate. May 6, 1945. Credit: The National Archives (111-SC-206399).

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        Mauthausen: Welcoming Liberators | Ken Burns: The War

        Inmates at the Mauthausen concentration camp are liberated by the 11th Armored Division. May 6, 1945. Sacramento's Burnett Miller served with the 11th. Credit: The National Archives (111-SC-206395).

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        Mauthausen | Ken Burns: The War

        Emaciated prisoners wedged into a bunk house at Mauthausen. They were liberated by the 11th Armored Division on May 6, 1945. Credit: The National Archives (111-SC-206397).

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        Buchenwald | Ken Burns: The War

        Crowded barracks at Buchenwald Concentration Camp, April 16, 1945. Elie Wiesel, second row from the bottom, seventh from the left, would later become an author and Nobel Peace Prize laureate. Credit: The National Archives (111-SC-203647).

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        Mauthausen: Crippled POWs | Ken Burns: The War

        Crippled Mauthausen prisoners stand in front of armored cars of the 11th Armored Division. May 6, 1945. Credit: The National Archives (111-SC-206398).

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