Learn about the discovery of Australopithecus africanus, in this video from NOVA: Dawn of Humanity. Although scientists, such as Darwin and Huxley, had suggested human origins in Africa, the prevailing view in the early 20th century was that humans evolved in Eurasia. However, in 1924, anatomist Raymond Dart received a fossil skull from miners in Taung, South Africa, which he recognized as early human and unlike anything that had been seen before. He named the species Australopithecus africanus and described it as proof for the evolution of humans in Africa. Dart's claims were initially rejected by most other scientists, but the discovery became a turning point in the field of human evolution.
Visit the program page here.