Learn how diversity in STEM fields can be encouraged, boosting scientific productivity, in this NOVA Next article. From a young age, many students of color face significant achievement gaps in science because of a lack of access to resources at schools, social pressures, and financial struggles. In higher education, there are long graduation times and low retention in STEM for all students; however, attrition rates are higher for students of color. STEM diversity training programs help students overcome barriers in STEM by providing financial aid, study groups, research opportunities, and dedicated mentors. Research shows that training more diverse scientists will bring new ideas and approaches to STEM fields and improve scientific productivity, discovery, and fairness of results, which ultimately benefit everyone. This resource is part of the NOVA Next Collection.