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In 1664, four English gun boats appeared in New York harbor. This video explains how, just days later, New Amsterdam became New York. Through the Articles of Capitulation that gave England control of the colony as well as the unusual terms of this surrender, Dutch citizens were allowed to maintain their laws, their church and their culture. The video goes on to discuss how Dutch ideas of tolerance and individual rights, which were not present in other English colonies, took root 120 years later in the Bill of Rights.
Learn more about Dutch New York.