The Sassanid Empire ruled Persia (Modern Iran) before the rise of Islam from approximately 224 – 651 CE. It was one of the largest empires in the world for more than 400 years. In this period, Persia had great wealth and agricultural assets, such as barley, beans, fruits, and cotton. Mining was also an important Persian enterprise. Persia’s location served as a key pass through for those trying to get goods from China and India to Europe. While war was common among neighbors during this time, commerce also flourished. As such, one of the empire’s trading partners was the Roman Empire, which wanted exotic goods, such as silk, spices, jewelry from the east. This set of resources provides background information on this period. Explore these resources. As you do, think about how these items demonstrate the complexity of commerce in the Sassanid Persian Empire. This will help you complete the worksheet included in the Support Materials.