View images taken from the Bataan Peninsula and during the Bataan Death March. In 1942, as the Japanese Imperial Army began its advance on the Philippine Islands, General Douglas MacArthur’s forces of American and Filipino soldiers was forced to retreat and hold the Bataan Peninsula on the island of Luzon. MacArthur’s forces were isolated with little support and after three months surrendered to the Japanese. Japanese captors ordered the 12,000 Americans and 66,000 Filipino soldiers to march 55 miles. It became known as the Bataan Death March, as thousands died because of the brutal treatment of their captors.