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        Sovereign Nations Episode Two: Native American Tribes of the Inland Northwest

        KSPS's Sovereign Nations is a two-part series that tells the story of how the Native American soverign nations of the Inland Northwest came to be. 

        The relationships that began forming when fur trappers first came to the Northwest in search of riches affect the way the government and communities interact with Native Americans to this day.

        Episode two of this documentary series focuses on the establishment of Native American Reservations, loss of Native American land and economies, strategic application of U.S. legislation by tribes and preservation of Native American language and culture.

        Use the accompanying teacher's guide to engage students in a variety of learning activities. Visit KSPS Education for additional educator resources.

        Sovereign Nations Ep 2- Introduction

        Some Native American tribes are also sovereign nations—they own their own land and have their own laws.

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        Sovereign Nations Ep 2- 1855 Treaties

        In 1855, the United States government signed a series of six treaties with native tribes throughout Washington territory, resulting in the tribes giving up 64 million acres of land in exchange for protection and education.

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        Sovereign Nations Ep 2 - The Colville Reservation

        In 1872, President Ulysses S. Grant established the Colville reservation, which now encompasses 1.4 million acres of land in Northeast Washington and is home to twelve different bands of Native American tribes.

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        Sovereign Nations Ep 2- The Coeur D’Alene Reservation

        On November 8, 1873, the Coeur D’Alene reservation was established by executive order, comprising 600,000 acres of land though this was reduced in 1887.

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        Sovereign Nations Ep 2- The Spokane Reservation

        On January 18, 1881 President Rutherford B. Hayes issued an executive order establishing the Spokane reservation which comprised 155,000 acres of land.

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        Sovereign Nations Ep 2 - The Dawes “Allotment” Act

        In 1887, the Dawes Act (also known as the Allotment Act) was passed. Reservation land was divided up and individual members were assigned parcels of land to farm.

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        Sovereign Nations Ep 2- Boarding Schools

        After the 1887 Dawes act, the U.S government tried to integrate Native Americans into white society by sending Native children to boarding schools.

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        Sovereign Nations Ep 2 - Preservation of Cultural Heritage

        Native American families have been vying to preserve their cultural heritage by focusing on revitalizing their native language.

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        Sovereign Nations Ep 2- Artistic Expressions

        Tribal members, such as writer Sherman Alexie, are finding individual ways of expressing their heritage through art, music, and literature.

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        Sovereign Nations Ep 2 - Treaty Rights

        The treaties signed in the 1800s were legally binding agreements between the United States and Indian tribes, recognizing the tribes as sovereign nations. Tribal members have rights as U.S. citizens and citizens of their collective nations.

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        Sovereign Nations Ep 2 - Building of Grand Coulee Dam

        The building of Grand Coulee Dam destroyed the fisheries of the native tribes, in turn, diminishing their livelihoods.

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        Sovereign Nations Ep 2 - Settlement of Grand Coulee Dam

        In the 1940s, a settlement was reached in the case of Grand Coulee and the tribes now receive a portion of the revenue from the dam.

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        Sovereign Nations Ep 2 - Court Battles

        Native American tribes have begun using the court system to ensure favorable interpretations of the laws governing their rights.

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        Sovereign Nations Ep 2 - Conclusion

        The Native American tribes of the Inland Northwest have formed alliances for lobbying power and to express their views to government officials. One such alliance is Affiliated Tribes of the Northwest West Indians.

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