After years of radical republicans in Congress working to ensure the protection of the blacks in the South to gain education, buy property, marry, run for office, and vote, white Southerners as well as Northerners tired of Reconstruction. This shift in attitude was acknowledged and echoed by all but one justice on the Supreme Court in their decision in 1883 to render in instances of violation of civil liberties that “individual behaviors do not offend the Constitution. This decision marked the end of federal protections for individuals in states and the beginning of Jim Crow segregation. In the second of two video segments from The Supreme Court, learn how this momentous decision evolved. To learn more, see "The Fourteenth Amendment - Part I."
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