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Grades

5-8

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## Percentage of Populations with Diabetes

Students learn about percentages in relation to the study of diabetes. They look at a nutrition label and apply various skills to answering questions about the label.

### Overview

In this TV411 activity, students are introduced to aspects of diabetes. The video clip in this activity explores how to tally the amount of carbohydrates one consumes each day. Students then learn to calculate the percentages of people who have diabetes.

5-8

1 hour

### Media Resources

Living with Diabetes QuickTime Video
What’s in that Box of Cookies, Anyway? QuickTime Video

### Part I: Learning Activity

1. Ask the students to discuss what they know about diabetes and nutrition. Ask them if they know anyone with diabetes. Ask these students to share with the class how diabetes affects that person's life.

2. Tell students they will first analyze the numbers of people in different age groups who are affected by diabetes.

4. Review handout 1 with students.

5. Read the following: "When you have diabetes, your body has trouble producing enough insulin to enable your body to break down sugar; therefore people with diabetes must limit their intake of sugar and it is important that they keep track of the number of carbohydrates they consume each day. Because of this, Americans must learn to be smart consumers of food products by reading labels and doing necessary calculations. You are going to watch a video clip about a man who has been diagnosed with diabetes. He describes some of the changes he has had to make to manage the disease. Note the ways he must use his math skills to make his daily food choices."

6. Play the Living with Diabetes QuickTime Video .

7. Read the following to the students: "many diseases affect different groups of our population differently. For instance, some diseases affect women differently than men. Some affect people differently, depending on their racial or ethnic background. Diabetes is one of many diseases that affects different subgroups of our population differently."

8. Distribute Handout 2: Distribution of Diabetes by Race .

9. Ask the students to complete handout 2.

10. Discuss the answers to handout 2 with the students.

11. Tell students that they will watch a video clip that shows how to read nutrition labels on food containers and calculate the calorie content of different serving amounts.

12. Tell the students that while they watch the video clip, they should each make a list of three things they should check each time they read a food label

13. Play the What’s in that Box of Cookies, Anyway? QuickTime Video .

14. Lead a discussion with the students about how to read nutrition labels, and how the information helps them make intelligent choices about their own nutrition. Prompt students to tell whether they examine food labels, and to share some interesting things they have observed.

### Part II: Assessment

Assessment: Level A (proficiency): Students practice reading a nutritional label and use its information to calculate the number and percentage of calories from fat, for a food item.

Assessment: Level B (above proficiency): Students are given a graph of data of female diabetes cases by race and age, and are asked to answer questions that require them to read the graph and calculate some simple percentages.

## Educational Standards

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