View images of reformer Carrie Nation and other reformers of the prohibition era. From 1920-1933, the United States was a dry country. The 18th Amendment to the Constitution prohibited the making, transportation, and sale of alcohol. The amendment grew out of the pervasive alcohol abuse, especially among men and immigrant populations, of the 19th century. Women had few legal rights, and their lives were often ruined from dealing with alcoholic and abusive spouses. The Women’s Christian Temperance Union and the Anti-Saloon League grew out of concern for the rights of women and children, and both organizations pushed for the 18th amendment. View images of reformer Carrie Nation and other reformers of the era.